Canaan Dog

FCI standard Nº 273

Origin
Israël
Group
Group 5 Spitz and primitive type
Section
Section 6 Primitive type
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Wednesday 23 November 1966
Publication of the official valid standard
Thursday 28 November 1985
Last update
Wednesday 16 June 1999
En français, cette race se dit
Chien de Canaan
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Kanaan hund
En español, esta raza se dice
Canaan Dog
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Canaan Dog

Usage

Watch- and security Dog.

Brief historical summary

We meet this dog in the Middle East since the earliest times. Pariah dog originally, it was however used as a guard dog for the nomads. It was in the 30s that this breed became known in Europe, where it is appreciated more for the versatility of its features. It has, for example, trained to detect mines during the 2nd World War and, more recently, the work of guide dogs or rescue.

General appearance

A medium sized, well balanced, strong and square dog resembling the wild dog type. Strong distinction between the sexes.

Behaviour / temperament

Alert, quick to react, distrustful of strangers, strongly defensive but not naturally aggressive. Vigilant not only against man but other animals as well. Extraordinarily devoted and amenable to training.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Well proportioned, blunt wedge shape of medium length, appearing broader due to low set ears.
Skull
Somewhat flattened. Some width allowed in powerful male heads. 
Stop
Shallow but defined.

Facial region

Nose
Black.
Muzzle
Sturdy, of moderate length and breadth.
Lips
Tight.
Jaws and teeth
Jaws should be strong. Full dentition with scissor or level bite.
Eyes
Dark brown, slightly slanted, almond-shaped. Dark rims essential.
Ears
Erect, relatively short and broad, slightly rounded at the tip and set low.

Neck

Muscular, of medium length.

Body

Body
Square.
Withers
Well developed.
Back
Level.
Loin
Muscular.
Chest
Deep and of moderate breadth.
Ribs
Ribs well sprung.
Underline and belly
Well tucked up.

Tail

Set high, thick brush carried curled over the back.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Moderate angulations. Balance is essential. Forelegs perfectly straight.
Shoulders
Oblique and muscular.
Elbows
Close to the body.

Hindquarters

Generality
Moderate angulations. Balance is essential. Powerful.
Upper thigh
Strong, lightly feathered at the rearside.
Stifle
Well bent.
Hock
Well let down.

Feet

Strong, round and cat-like with hard pads.

Gait and movement

Quick, light and energetic trot. Should demonstrate marked agility and stamina. Correct movement is essential.

Coat

Hair
Outer coat dense, harsh and straight, of short to medium length. Undercoat close and profuse.
Colour
Sand to red-brown, white, black, or spotted, with or without mask. If masked, mask must be symmetrical. Black mask permitted on all colours. White markings are permitted on all colours : « Boston Terrier » patterns are common. Grey, brindle, black-and-tan, or tricolour are unacceptable. Desert colours-sand, gold, red, cream- are most typical of the breed.

Size and weight

Height at withers
50-60 cm. Males can be considerably larger than females.
Weight
18-25 kg.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy dogs.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

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