Chinese Crested Dog

FCI standard Nº 288

Origin
China, patronage Great Britain
Group
Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs
Section
Section 4 Hairless breeds
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Monday 17 July 1972
Publication of the official valid standard
Tuesday 27 July 2021
Last update
Wednesday 15 September 2021
En français, cette race se dit
Chien chinois à crête
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Chinesischer Schopfhund
En español, esta raza se dice
Perro Crestado Chino
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Chinese Naakthond

Usage

Companion Dog.

Brief historical summary

The Chinese Crested Dog comes in two varieties - the Hairless and the Powder Puff. The ‘Hairless’ have a crest of hair on their head extending part way down their neck, ‘socks’ covering their toes, and a plume on their tail. The rest of their body is, as their name implies, hairless. The ‘Powder Puff’ variety is covered entirely with a veil of long soft hair. While it is difficult to pinpoint their origin, it is said that they were owned by families of the Han Dynasty of China. The Chinese Cresteds were developed at this time as guardians of the treasure houses and, in a larger, heavier form, as hunting dogs. They were seen at shows in America from 1885 to 1926 but then were rarely ever seen for some fifty years.

General appearance

A small, active and graceful dog; medium-to fine-boned, smooth hairless body, with hair on feet, head and tail only; or covered with a soft veil of hair. Two distinct types of this breed: Deer type, racy and fine-boned, and Cobby type, heavier in body and bone.

Behaviour / temperament

Happy, never vicious.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Smooth, without excess wrinkles. Distance from base of skull to stop equal to distance from stop to tip of nose. Head presenting graceful appearance with alert expression.
Skull
Slightly rounded and elongated. 
Stop
Slightly pronounced, but not extreme.

Facial region

Nose
A prominent feature, narrow in keeping with muzzle. Any colour nose acceptable.
Muzzle
Tapering slightly but never pointed, lean without flews.
Lips
Tight and thin.
Jaws and teeth
Jaws strong, with perfect, regular scissor bite, i.e. the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws. The hairless variety will have the primitive trait of forward pointing canines and should not be penalised for absence of full dentition.
Cheeks
Cleanly chiselled, lean and flat, tapering into muzzle.
Eyes
So dark as to appear black. Little or no white showing. Medium size. Set wide apart.
Ears
Set low : highest point of base of ear level with outside corner of eye. Large and erect, with or without fringe, except in Powder Puffs where drop ears are permissible.

Neck

Lean, free from throatiness, long and sloping gracefully into strong shoulders. When moving, carried high and slightly arched.

Body

Body
Medium to long, supple.
Back
Level.
Loin
Taut.
Croup
Well rounded and muscular.
Chest
Rather broad and deep, not barrel-ribbed. Breast bone not prominent. Brisket extending to elbows.
Underline and belly
Moderate tuck-up.

Tail

Set high, carried up or out when in motion. Long and tapering, fairly straight, not curled or twisted to either side, falling naturally when at rest. Plume long and flowing, confined to lower two-thirds of tail. Sparse plume acceptable.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Legs long and slender, set well under body.
Shoulders
Clean, narrow and well laid back.
Elbows
Held close to body.
Pastern
Fine, strong, nearly vertical.
Forefeet
Extended hare-foot, narrow and long. Nails any colour, moderately long. Socks ideally confined to toes, but not extending above top of pastern. Feet turning neither in nor out.

Hindquarters

Generality
Hindlegs set wide apart. Angulation of the rear limb must be such as to produce a level back.
Stifle
Firm and long, sweeping smoothly into hock.
Metatarsus
Hocks well let down.
Hind feet
Extended hare-foot, narrow and long. Nails any colour, moderately long. Socks ideally confined to toes, but not extending above top of pastern. Feet turning neither in nor out.

Gait and movement

Long, flowing and elegant with good reach and plenty of drive.

Skin

Fine-grained, smooth, warm to the touch.

Coat

Hair
No large patches of hair anywhere on body. A long and flowing crest preferred, but sparse acceptable; ideally beginning at stop tapering off down neck. In Powder Puffs coat consists of an undercoat with soft veil of long hair, veil coat a feature.
Colour
Any colour or combination of colours.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Ideal height at the withers: Males: 28-33 cms, females: 23–30 cms.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

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