Chow Chow

FCI standard Nº 205

Origin
China, patronage : Great Britain
Group
Group 5 Spitz and primitive type
Section
Section 5 Asian Spitz and related breeds
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Tuesday 10 December 1957
Publication of the official valid standard
Wednesday 13 October 2010
Last update
Thursday 27 January 2011
En français, cette race se dit
Chow Chow
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Chow Chow
En español, esta raza se dice
Chow Chow
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Chow Chow

Usage

Guard dog, companion.

Brief historical summary

The ancestry of the Chow is attributed to China where he was kept as a guard dog, and also used for hunting. The Chow has been known in China for upwards of 2,000 years and is related to Spitz dogs of the Nordic type, also containing something of the mastiff. Because of China’s ‘closed door’ policy to the rest of the world Chows did not begin to appear in other countries until around 1800. He made his way to England sometime during the late eighteenth century and was not really noticed in Britain until the 1920s, with a number being shown at Crufts in 1925.

General appearance

Active, compact, short-coupled and essentially well balanced, leonine in appearance, proud, dignified bearing; well knit frame; tail carried well over back. Should always be able to move freely and must not have so much coat as to impede activity or cause distress in hot weather. A bluish-black tongue is characteristic.

Important proportions

The distance from withers to elbow is equal to the distance from elbow to ground.

Behaviour / temperament

Quiet dog, good guard. Independent, loyal, yet aloof.

Head

Cranial region

Skull
Flat, broad. 
Stop
Not pronounced.

Facial region

Nose
Large and wide in all cases, black (with exception of cream and near white, in which case a lighter coloured nose is permissible, and in blues and fawns a self-coloured nose (but black preferable in all cases).
Muzzle
Moderate in length, broad from eyes to end (not pointed at end like a fox). Well filled out under the eyes.
Lips
A solid black mouth including the roof and flews, with a bluish black tongue is ideal. However, some dilution may be evident in the gums of blues and fawns and this dilution may be more pronounced in creams and whites.
Jaws and teeth
Teeth strong and level, jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
Eyes
Dark, oval shaped, medium sized and clean. A matching coloured eye permissible in blues and fawns. Clean eye, free from entropion, never being penalised for sake of mere size.
Ears
Small, thick, slightly rounded at tip, carried stiffly and wide apart but tilting well forward over eyes and slightly towards each other, giving peculiar characteristic scowling expression of the breed. Scowl never to be achieved by loose wrinkled skin of head.

Neck

Strong, full, not short, set well on shoulders and slightly arched. Of sufficient length to carry the head proudly above the topline.

Body

Back
Short, level and strong.
Loin
Powerful.
Chest
Broad and deep. Ribs well sprung, but not barrelled.

Tail

Set high, carried well over back.

Limbs

Forequarters

Shoulders
Muscular and sloping.
Elbows
Equidistant between withers and ground.
Forearm
Perfectly straight, with good bone.
Forefeet
Small, round, cat-like, standing well up on toes.

Hindquarters

Generality
In profile the foot is directly under the hip joint.
Upper thigh
Well developed.
Lower thigh
Well developed.
Stifle
Only slight bend.
Metatarsus
Hocks well let down. From hocks downwards to appear straight, never flexing forward.
Hind feet
Small, round, cat-like, standing well up on toes.

Gait and movement

Relatively short striding, hind feet not lifted high, appearing to skim the ground, resulting in pendulum like action when seen in profile. Its distinctive short-striding gait allows it to move freely, never lumbering and with excellent endurance. Forelegs and hindlegs moving parallel to each other and straight forward. Dogs should always be able to move freely and soundly without any sign of distress.

Coat

Hair
Either rough or smooth.
Rough: Profuse, abundant, dense, straight and stand-off but not excessive in length. Outer coat coarse, with soft woolly undercoat. Especially thick round neck forming mane or ruff and with good culottes or breechings on back of thighs.
Smooth: Coat short, dense, straight, upstanding, not flat, plush-like in texture.
Any artificial shortening of the coat which alters the natural outline or expression should be penalised, with the exception of feet which may be tidied.
Colour
Whole coloured black, red, blue, fawn, cream or white, frequently shaded but not in patches or parti-coloured (underpart of tail and back of thighs frequently of a lighter colour).

Size and weight

Height at withers
Males: 48 - 56 cms, Females: 46 - 51 cms.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

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