Estrela Mountain Dog

FCI standard Nº 173

Origin
Portugal
Translation
Portuguese Kennel Club. Revised by Jennifer Mulholland, Raymond Triquet and Renée Sporre-Willes
Group
Group 2 Pinscher and Schnauzer, Molossoid breeds, Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs
Section
Section 2.2 Molossoid breeds, Mountain type
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Thursday 23 June 1955
Publication of the official valid standard
Tuesday 04 November 2008
Last update
Monday 30 March 2009
En français, cette race se dit
Chien de la Serra Estrela
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Serra da Estrela Berghund
En español, esta raza se dice
Perro de la Sierra de la Estrela
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Cao da Serra da Estrela
In his country of origin, his name is

Cão da Serra da Estrela

Usage

A livestock guarding dog, watch dog and companion dog; also used for draught work.

Brief historical summary

Since remote times, this dog has developed and settled in the Estrela Mountains area, its true origin being lost in time. Nevertheless, it can be considered one of the most ancient breeds in the Iberian Peninsula. It can be found from the foot of the mountains to the summit (approximately 2000 m), mainly in the summer, after the snow has melted, when the green pastures are much sought after by the herds, because the excessive heat has dried the grass on the lowlands. The progressive recognition of its aptitudes has led to its diffusion throughout the world since the second half of the 20th century.

General appearance

Large, mastiff-type molossoid dog. There are two varieties of coat: long and short. Rustic, substantial, with brisk gait and an impressive attitude. The breed has a lively, calm and expressive look; it is well proportioned; well made with harmonious appearance, which is traditionally how the breed has been recognised since a long time.

Important proportions

Moderately long (sub-longilinear), tending to mediolinear. The depth of the chest is less than half the height at withers. The muzzle and skull should be approximately the same length; if not, the skull should be slightly longer.

Behaviour / temperament

Inseparable companion of the shepherd and faithful flock guardian, bravely protecting it against predators and thieves. Wonderful farm and house guard, distrustful towards strangers and typically docile to its master.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Strong, voluminous and long and slightly convex seen in profile. Well inserted and in good proportion to the body, with the skull in proportion to the foreface; all parts in perfect harmony. Smooth skin on the skull and cheeks.
Skull
Well developed, rounded, with slightly divergent longitudinal superior cranium-facial axes, convex profile, slightly developed superciliary arches with slightly apparent frontal furrow, occipital protuberance not prominent. 
Stop
Only slightly marked and at approximately equal distance to the tip of the nose and the occipital protuberance.

Facial region

Nose
Straight and in line with nosebridge; well opened nostrils; large and black.
Muzzle
Long, tapering to the tip, without being pointed; tends to be straight but very slightly convex at the tip.
Lips
Well developed but not thick, well overlapping, not pendulous; mucous membrane of mouth, palate and edges of lips with intense black pigmentation.
Jaws and teeth
Clean cut mouth with well developed jaws; full dentition with strong, white, well implanted and close-fitting teeth, preferably with scissors bite, pincer bite acceptable.
Eyes
Medium sized, tending to small, oval shaped, level set, equal in size and well open, with a keen and calm expression; preferably dark amber in colour. Close fitting lids with black rims. Eyebrows slightly apparent.
Ears
Set on at medium height; hanging, carried falling backwards and laterally against the side of the head, with inner edge visible (so called rose-ear); thin, triangular, rounded at the tip; small in comparison to the body.

Neck

Short, straight and thick; well set and well connected into the shoulders; with a slight dewlap, not exaggerated.

Body

Topline
Straight. Almost level.
Back
Preferably short, well muscled.
Loin
Short; broad; well muscled; well connected to the croup.
Croup
Slightly sloping; short, broad and muscled. Height at croup should be equal or slightly superior to the height at the withers.
Chest
Broad; deep; well sprung without being cylindrical; well let down to the elbow or slightly below it.
Underline and belly
The underline should rise gradually but smoothly from sternum to the groin; belly not too wide, in proportion to the animal’s substance and harmoniously connected to the body.

Tail

Set on at medium height; long; thick; carried below the horizontal, scimitar-shaped, with a hook at the end. At rest it hangs naturally between the thighs, reaching at least the hock; when excited and in motion, the tail rises above the horizontal, curving upward and forward, sideways and downward, without being carried over the croup. It should be well furnished with hair, and feathered in the long-haired variety.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Upright with strong bone and thick joints, moderately open angulation, with easy movement.
Forearm
Straight, parallel, long, with strong bone and almost cylindrical in shape.

Hindquarters

Generality
Upright, strong bone with thick joints, moderately open angles, with easy movement.
Metatarsus
Vertical, almost cylindrical. Possible presence of single or double dewclaws.
Hock
Slightly let down; moderately open, neither turned in nor out.

Feet

Proportioned, neither too round nor too long, between cat and hare feet (not splayed); thick, tight toes with abundant hair between toes and pads; dark nails, preferably black, well developed; pads thick and hard.

Gait and movement

Sound and easy movement.

Coat

Hair
Strong, very abundant, slightly coarse, without excessive harshness, the texture is similar to goat hair. The undercoat is composed of fine hair, short, abundant and entangled, normally lighter in colour than the outer coat.
Long-haired variety:
Straight or slightly wavy top coat, uneven in some areas. It is shorter and more dense on the limbs, below the elbows and hocks, as well as on the head; on the ears, it becomes gradually shorter from the base to the tip, becoming thinner and softer. It is longer on the tail, which is bushy, thick and feathered, around the neck and throat and on the buttocks, which are abundantly feathered, as well as the back side of the forearms.
Short-haired variety:
Short hair, evenly distributed over the body, slightly shorter on the head and limbs, without feathering.
Colour
The following colours are accepted and considered typical:
• Solid: yellow, fawn and grey in all ranges of colour intensity.
• Wolf Grey: fawn, yellow and grey tones, commonly in lighter and darker shades.
• Brindle: Fawn, yellow or grey base colour with blackish brindling. In the cranium-facial area, a dark coloured mask is typical.
White markings are admitted only at the extremities of fore- and hind feet and on a small extension on the lower region of neck and chest.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Males 65-73 cm, females 62-69 cm, tolerance + 2 cm.
Weight
Males 45-60 Kg, females 35-45 Kg.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

General faults

 General bad appearance, thinness or obesity.
 Height outside the limits set by the standard, but within 2 cm tolerance at the upper limit.
 Head narrow, long and pointed.
 Eyes light coloured.
 Ears incorrectly set, too long, thick or rounded tips; hanging completely flat.
 Tail carried over the back; absence of hook.
 Colour absence of dark mask.

Serious faults

 Animals showing nervous unbalance with signs of shyness.
 Nose pale coloured nostrils, partly unpigmented nose.
 Ears cropped.
 Tail docked or rudimentary.
 Hair somewhat different from the described type.
 Males under 65 cm or over 75 cm.
 Females under 62 cm or over 71 cm.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy.
 Atypical.
 Head very narrow, very long and very pointed completely lacking molossoid type.
 Undershot or overshot.
 Wall eyes or difference in size.
 Anurous.
 Hair completely atypical.
 Any colour not mentioned in the standard.
 Albinism.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

No comments

No comments

Nobody has submitted a comment yet.

Last updated articles

  • Aussalier -- Miniature American Shepherd X Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

    Aussalier He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Aussalier The Aussalier is a newly recognized hybrid, a cross between a Miniature American Shepherd and a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, and there can be many areas of variation in the appearance of these...
  • Ausky -- Australian Cattle Dog X Siberian Husky

    Ausky He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Siberia -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Ausky The Ausky is a cross between an Australian Cattle Dog and a Siberian Husky, two intelligent, active and durable breeds. The resulting cross is an intelligent, active dog that does best with early...
  • Arubian Cunucu

    Arubian Cunucu He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Caribbean island of Aruba Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Arubian Cunucu The Arubian Cunucu is an outcast dog that lives on the Caribbean island of Aruba. Although they are not officially recognized as a breed by any breed association or club, they are well known to...
  • Antebellum Bulldog

    Antebellum Bulldog He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Altamaha Plantation DogAltamaha Plantation Bulldog A brief presentation of the Antebellum Bulldog The Antebellum Bulldog is a newcomer to the breed stakes. They were developed recently as a recreation of Bulldogs that were...
  • Anatolian Pyrenees -- Kangal Shepherd Dog X Pyrenean Mountain Dog

    Anatolian Pyrenees He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Turkey <> France -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Anatolian Pyrenees Anatolian Pyrenees are a cross between the Kangal Sheepdog and the Pyrenean Mountain Dog. Both breeds were primarily used as livestock guardians, so the Anatolian Pyrenees can also...
  • Amstiff -- American Staffordshire Terrier X Mastiff

    Amstiff He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as BandoggeStaffordshire Mastiff A brief presentation of the Amstiff The Amstiff is a cross between the American Staffordshire Terrier and the Mastiff. The nickname Bandogge refers to a cross between the...
  • American Rat Pinscher -- Rat Terrier X Miniature Pinscher

    American Rat Pinscher He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Rat-a-PinRat Pinscher A brief presentation of the American Rat Pinscher The American Rat Pinscher is a combination of the American Rat Terrier and the Miniature Pinscher. The American Rat Terrier was...
  • American Pugabull -- American Bulldog X Pug

    American Pugabull He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> China -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the American Pugabull The Pug originated in China. It was often part of the royal households of Europe and, in Victorian times, the Pug featured in paintings, postcards and figurines. The American Bulldog...
  • American Pit Corso -- American Pit Bull Terrier X Italian Corso dog

    American Pit Corso He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Italy -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Corso Pit Bull A brief presentation of the American Pit Corso The American Pit Corso is a cross between the American Pit Bull Terrier and the Italian Cane Corso. They are large dogs weighing around 23...
  • American Neo Bull -- American Bulldog X Neapolitan Mastiff

    American Neo Bull He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Italy -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as American Bullpolitan Mastiff A brief presentation of the American Neo Bull The American Neo Bull is a large hybrid dog created in the United States. Breeders in the 1980s crossed different types of...
  • American Masti-Bull -- American Bulldog X Mastiff

    American Masti-Bull He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the American Masti-Bull The American Masti-Bull is a hybrid breed created in the USA in the 1960s. The breed was developed by crossing the American Bulldog with the Mastiff to create a large,...
  • American Gointer -- Golden Retriever X English Pointer

    American Gointer He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the American Gointer The American Gointer is a hybrid breed developed by crossing the Golden Retriever and the English Pointer. Although the breed's origins are not well known, Golden Retrievers are well...
  • American French Bull Terrier -- American Pit Bull Terrier X French Bulldog

    American French Bull Terrier He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> France -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as French Bull Terrrier A brief presentation of the American French Bull Terrier The American French Bull Terrier is a specific crossbreed or hybrid dog, with one set of parents being the...
  • American French Bulldog -- American Bulldog X French Bulldog

    American French Bulldog He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> France -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as American French Bullies A brief presentation of the American French Bulldog As a hybrid dog, the American French Bulldog is a healthy breed that makes the most of the traits inherited from the...
  • American Foxy Dane -- American Foxhound X Great Dane

    American Foxy Dane He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Fohund Dane A brief presentation of the American Foxy Dane The American Foxy Dane is a new hybrid breed of dog developed through careful selective breeding of the Great Dane and the American...
  • American Foxeagle -- American Foxhound X Beagle

    American Foxeagle He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as WalkeagleAmerican Foxeagle hund A brief presentation of the American Foxeagle The American Foxeagle is new to the hybrid dog arena and still being perfected, but with both parent breeds being...
  • American Eagle Dog -- American Eskimo Dog X Beagle

    American Eagle Dog He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Eskimo BeagleEskeaglehund A brief presentation of the American Eagle Dog The American Eagle Dog is a hybrid of the Beagle and the American Eskimo Dog. Although little is known about its...
  • American Chow Bulldog -- American Bulldog X Chow Chow

    American Chow Bulldog He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> China -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as American Chow A brief presentation of the American Chow Bulldog Dignified and aloof, the American Chow Bulldog is a fiercely independent and protective breed. The American Chow Bulldog is descended from two...
  • American Bully Staffy Bull Terrier -- American Bulldog X Staffordshire Bull Terrier

    American Bully Staffy Bull Terrier He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as American Bull StaffyAmerican Bullstaff Terrier A brief presentation of the American Bully Staffy Bull Terrier Loyal and playful, the American Bully Staffy Bull Terrier is a...
  • American Bullweiler -- American Bulldog X Rottweiler

    American Bullweiler He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Rottbull A brief presentation of the American Bullweiler Intelligent and observant, the American Bullweiler is a hybrid of the American Bulldog and the Rottweiler. Since this breed is a hybrid, dogs...
  • American Bull Staffy -- American Bulldog X American Staffordshire Terrier

    American Bull Staffy He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the American Bull Staffy Not much is known about the American Bull Staffy yet, apart from the crossbreeds of this hybrid, the American Bulldog and the American Staffordshire Terrier. The American Bulldog is larger...
  • American Bull-Jack -- American Bulldog X Jack Russell Terrier

    American Bull-Jack He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Australia -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the American Bull-Jack Not much is known about the American Bull-Jack yet, and many people will confuse this hybrid's kinship with the English Bulldog and Jack Russell Terrier. The American Bull-Jack is...