Eurasian

FCI standard Nº 291

Origin
Germany
Translation
Mrs. C. Seidler, changes & new additions, Mrs C. Bailey
Official language (DE)
Group
Group 5 Spitz and primitive type
Section
Section 5 Asiatic Spitz and related breeds
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Friday 27 July 1973
Publication of the official valid standard
Wednesday 04 September 2019
Last update
Monday 17 February 2020
En français, cette race se dit
Eurasien
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Eurasier
En español, esta raza se dice
Eurásico
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Eurasier

Usage

Companion dog.

Brief historical summary

In 1960 a breed was evolved by crossing a Chow Chow and a Wolfspitz. This was first called « Wolf-Chow » and then, after crossing with a Samoyed, was re-named « Eurasier » (Eurasian) and recognized by the F.C.I. The breed was founded by Julius Wipfel.

General appearance

Balanced, well constructed medium sized dog of Spitz type with prick ears and coat in varied colours. Length of coat should be such as still to reveal the body proportions. With medium bone.

Important proportions

Length of back slightly longer than height at withers.
The ratio of length of muzzle and length of cranial region is almost equal.

Behaviour / temperament

Self-assured, calm, even-tempered with high resistance against any provocation. Watchful and alert without being noisy. Very strongly developed link to his family. Relaxed towards strangers and not obtrusive.
For the full development of these qualities, the Eurasian needs constant close domestic contact with his family and understanding, yet consistent training.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Balanced, not too broad skull. Shape of head seen from above and in profile, wedge-shaped. Bridge of nose and skull run parallel.
Skull
Flat forehead with distinct frontal furrow. Well defined occiput. 
Stop
Barely defined.

Facial region

Nose
Medium size, nose leather with black pigmentation.
Muzzle
Neither too coarse nor too pointed. Tapering towards the nose. Straight bridge of nose and straight mandibles.
Lips
Edges of lips tight with black pigmentation.
Jaws and teeth
Strong; broad dental in lower jaw. Strong complete set of teeth (42 teeth conforming to usual tooth formation). Bite either scissor or pincer. Upper incisors either fit closely over lower incisors or they meet. Premolars and molars set in one line without gaps. All teeth must be in vertical position to jaw.
Cheeks
Hardly pronounced.
Eyes
Dark, medium size, not too deep set nor protruding. Lid aperture slightly slanting. Eye-rims with black pigmentation and tight fitting.
Ears
Set apart by about the width of the base of an ear. Medium size and triangular. Prick ears with tips slightly rounded. Tips of ears and centre of stop should form a nearly equilateral triangle.

Neck

Of medium length, in balance with general appearance. Well muscled. Skin on throat tight fitting. Flowing transition to body.

Body

Body
Strong, not too short in back.
Withers
Pronounced.
Back
Firm and straight. Very well muscled.
Loin
Of good length and width, very well muscled.
Croup
Almost straight line. Broad and strong.
Chest
Reaching to the elbows with oval shaped ribcage. Forechest well developed without being pronounced. Sternum long, reaching far back.
Underline and belly
Slight tuck up; flanks slightly drawn in.

Tail

Set on high, round and firm, of good thickness, tapering towards the tip; reaching the hocks, covered with bushy hair; carried lying forward over back or bent slightly sideways or rolled up.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Seen from front, positioned straight and parallel; seen from the side, well angulated; upper arm and forearm of almost equal length.
Shoulders
Well muscled. Lying slightly slanted.
Upper arm
Medium length, well muscled.
Elbows
Close to chest.
Forearm
Medium length, well muscled.
Carpal
Strong.
Pastern
Medium length, strong, quite straight seen from front, seen from side, inclined slightly forward.
Forefeet
Oval; tight, moderately arched toes. Strong nails with dark pigmentation. Firm, well cushioned, black pigmented pads. Thick hair between pads.

Hindquarters

Generality
Seen from behind, positioned straight and parallel, seen from the side well angulated. Upper and lower thighs are of almost equal length.
Pelvis
Slightly slanting.
Upper thigh
Medium length with strong muscle.
Lower thigh
Medium length, well muscled.
Stifle
Solid, angle not too open.
Metatarsus
Good length and breadth, vertical when seen from side.
Hock
Not set too low, turning neither in nor out, stable, not pushing forward.
Hind feet
Oval; tight, moderately arched toes. Strong nails with dark pigmentation. Firm, well cushioned pads. Thick hair between pads.

Gait and movement

Ground covering and harmonious with plenty of drive and good forward stride. Firm back while on the move and of good balance; fore and hindquarters moving straight, moving closer at increased speed. Preferred speed: Trot.

Skin

Tight, pigmented.

Coat

Hair
All over the body thick undercoat and medium long, straight, loosely lying guard hair; short coat on muzzle, face, ears and front of the limbs; the tail, the back of front legs (feathers) and hind legs (breeches) are covered with longer guard hair on neck only moderately longer than on body, not forming a mane.
Colour
All colours and colour combinations are permitted with the exception of pure white, piebald.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Height at withers : Dogs : 52-60 cm, Bitches : 48-56 cm.
Weight : Dogs : 22-30 kg, Bitches : 18-26 kg.
The balance of the proportions is most important but the ideals to aim for are medium height and weight.
Height at withers : Dogs : 56 cm, Bitches : 52 cm.
Weight : Dogs : 26 kg, Bitches : 22 kg.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

Serious faults

 Lack of pigmentation.
 Strongly domed forehead, strongly domed skull.
 Straight hindquarters.
 Very weak carpal joints.
 Sway back and carp back.
 Absence of three or four P2.
 Absence of one or more P1 and at the same time absence of two or more P2.
 Tail visibly open and not lying over back.
 Short tail.
 Lack of sexual dimorphism.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
 Nervousness, shyness, excessive suspiciousness.
 Lack of correct gender characteristics.
 Absence of a single or several incisors or canines; absence of a single or several premolars 3 or 4, or single or several molars 1 or 2.
 Anomalies in bite.
 Ectropion, entropion; eyes too deep set or too small.
 Distichiasis (eyelashes arranged in two raws).
 Semi-pricked or pendulous ears.
 Kinky tail.
 Tarsal joints knuckling over.
 Pied colouring.
 Pure white.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

Additional information from visitors

Developed in Germany in the 1950's, the Eurasier is said to be a result of crossing the Chow Chow with a Samoyed, but other dogs were used in its creation as well, like the German Wolfspitz and some Russian breeds. German scientist Julius Wipfel is widely credited as the creator of the Eurasian. Intended to be the German answer to the Russian sled dogs, this is a hardy breed, well built and resilient. It seldom barks, but it does make a good watchdog, partly because of its wariness of strangers.
The alert, but often shy Eurasian is described by some as a one-person dog, not suitable for sharing the house with a family, because it tends to be fairly snappy. On the other hand, promoters of the breed sing praises to the Eurasier's loving and friendly personality. While usually tolerant of other dogs, some individuals are known to show very little patience for strange people, including children. Still, this is an impressive breed which will undoubtedly gain more popularity with time. The coat is long and straight, looking more fluffy than it really is, due to its abundance. This lovely dog comes in a few solid colours, the most common being fawn, red, wolf-gray and black. The average height is around 22 inches.

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