Giant Schnauzer

FCI standard Nº 181

Origin
Germany
Translation
Mrs. C. Seidler - Official language (DE).
Group
Group 2 Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds - Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs
Section
Section 1 Pinscher and Schnauzer type
Working
With working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Monday 11 July 1955
Publication of the official valid standard
Tuesday 25 May 2021
Last update
Thursday 10 June 2021
En français, cette race se dit
Schnauzer géant
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Riesenschnauzer
En español, esta raza se dice
Schnauzer gigante
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Riesenschnauzer

Usage

Utility and Companion Dog.

Brief historical summary

Originally the Giant Schnauzer was used in the region of Southern Germany to drive cattle. Around the turn of the century, determined breeders realised that he had outstanding working capabilities and particularly valuable traits in character. Since 1913 the breed has been registered in a stud book, and in 1925 already the Giant Schnauzer has officially been recognised as a working dog.

General appearance

Large, powerful, stocky rather than slim. An enlarged, powerful image of the Schnauzer. An imperturbable dog, prepared for defense, whose appearance fills with respect.

Important proportions

Square build in which height at the withers is nearly equal to the body length.
The length of the head (measured from the tip of the nose to the occiput) corresponds to half the length of the topline (measured from the withers to the set on of the tail).

Behaviour / temperament

Typical characteristics of this dog are his good natured, even temperament and his incorruptible loyalty towards his master. He has highly developed sense organs, intelligence, trainability, strength, endurance, speed, resistance to weather and diseases. His inborn ability to bear strain and his self assurance make him best suited for being a companion, sporting, utility and working dog.

Head

Cranial region

Skull
Strong, long without markedly protudring occiput. The head should be in keeping with the dog’s force. The forehead is flat, without wrinkling and parallel to the bridge of nose. 
Stop
Appears well defined due to the brows.

Facial region

Nose
Well developed nose leather with large nostrils, always black.
Muzzle
Ending in a blunt wedge. Bridge of nose straight.
Lips
Black, smooth and tight-fitting to the jaws. Corners of lips closed.
Jaws and teeth
Strong upper and lower jaw. The complete scissor bite (42 pure white teeth, according to the dentition fromula), is strongly developed and firmly closing. The chewing muscles are strongly developed but the cheeks must not interfere with the rectangular shape of the head (with the beard).
Eyes
Medium sized, oval, facing forward, dark with lively expression. Eyelids close fitting.
Ears
Drop ears, set high, V-shaped with inner edges lying close to the cheeks, evenly carried, turned forward towards temples. Folds parallel, should not be above the top of the skull.

Neck

The strong, muscular neck is nobly arched, blending smoothly into the withers. Strongly set on, slim, noble curved, corresponding to the dog’s force. Throat skin tight-fitting without folds.

Body

Topline
Slightly sloping from withers towards rear.
Withers
Forming the highest point in topline.
Back
Strong, short and taut.
Loin
Short, strong and deep. The distance from the last rib to the hip is short to make the dog appear compact.
Croup
Slightly rounded, imperceptibly blending into tail set on.
Chest
Moderately broad, oval in diameter, reaching to the elbows. The forechest is distinctly marked by the point of the sternum.
Underline and belly
Flanks not too tucked up, forming a well curved line with the underside of the ribcage.

Tail

Natural; a sabre or sickle carriage is sought after.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Seen from the front, the front legs are strong, straight and not close together. Seen from the side, the forearms are straight.
Shoulders
The shoulder blade lies close against the rib cage and is well muscled on both sides of shoulder bone, protruding over the points of thoracic vertebrae. As sloping as possible and well laid back, forming an angle of appr.50° to the horizontal.
Upper arm
Lying close to the body, strong and well musculed, forming an angle of 95° to 105° to the shoulder blade.
Elbows
Close fitting, turning neither in nor out.
Forearm
Viewed from all sides completely straight, strongly developed and well muscled.
Carpal
Strong, firm, barely standing out against the structure of the fore arm.
Pastern
Seen from the front, vertical. Seen from the side, slightly sloping towards the ground, strong and slightly springy.
Forefeet
Short and round, toes well-knit and arched (cat foot) with short dark nails and resistant pads.

Hindquarters

Generality
Standing obliquely when seen from the side, standing parallel but not close together when seen from the rear.
Upper thigh
Moderately long, broad and strongly muscled.
Lower thigh
Long and strong, sinewy, running into a strong hock.
Stifle
Turning neither in nor out.
Metatarsus
Short, vertical to ground.
Hock
Very well angulated, strong, firm, turning neither in nor out.
Hind feet
Toes short, arched and well-knit. Nails short and black.

Gait and movement

Flexible, elegant, agile, free and ground covering. The front legs swinging as far forward as possible, the hind legs, ground covering and springy, provide the necessary drive. The front leg of one side and the hind leg on the other side move forward at the same time. The back, the ligaments and the joints are firm.

Skin

Tight fitting over the whole body.

Coat

Hair
The coat should be wiry, harsh and dense. It consists of a dense undercoat and a not too short top coat, lying close to the body. The top coat is rough and sufficiently long to allow the checking of its texture ; it is neither bristly nor wavy. Hair on the limbs tends to be less harsh. Coat short on forehead and ears. Typical characteristics are the not too soft beard on the muzzle and the bushy eyebrows which slightly shade the eyes.
Colour
• Pure black with black undercoat.
• Pepper and Salt.
When breeding Pepper and Salt, the aim is a medium shading with evenly distributed, well pigmented, pepper colouring and grey undercoat. The shades from dark iron grey to silver grey are all permitted. In all colour variations there must be a dark mask, which should adapt harmoniously to the respective colour, emphasizing the expression. Distinct light markings on head, chest and limbs are undesirable.
• Black/Silver For the Black/Silver colour, the aim in breeding is a black topcoat with black undercoat, white markings over the eyes, on the cheeks, at the beard, at the throat, in two divided triangles at the front of the chest, on the front pasterns, on the feet, on the inside of the hind legs and around the anus. The forehead, the neck and the outer sides of the ears should be black like the topcoat.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Dogs and bitches : 60 to 70 cm.
Weight
Dogs and bitches : 35 to 47 kg.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

General faults

 Head altogether too small or too short.
 Heavy or round skull.
 Wrinkles on forehead.
 Short, pointed or narrow muzzle.
 Pincer bite.
 Strongly protuding cheeks or cheekbones.
 Light, too large or round eyes.
 Low set, too long or unevenly carried ears.
 Throatiness.
 Dewlap, narrow crest of neck.
 Too long, tucked up or soft back.
 Roach back.
 Croup falling away.
 Tail set inclined towards head.
 Long feet.
 Pacing movement.
 Too short, too long, soft, wavy, shaggy, silky, white or spotted coat or other mixed colours.
 Brown undercoat.
 In Pepper and Salt : a black trace on the back or black saddle.
 In Black/Silver : not clearly separated triangles on the chest.
 Over- or undersize up to 2 cm.

Serious faults

 Clumsy or light build.
 Too low or too high on leg.
 Inverse sexual type (ie doggy bitch).
 Elbows turning out.
 Straight or open hocked hindlegs.
 Hocks turned inwards.
 In Black/Silver: patchy coat.
 Over- or undersize by more than 2 cm but less than 4 cm.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
 Malformation of any kind.
 Lack of breed type.
 Faulty mouth, such as over- or undershot or wry mouth.
 Severe faults in individual parts, such as faults in structure, coat and colour.
 Over- or undersize by more than 4 cm.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

 

Additional information from visitors

Developed from Standard German Schnauzers crossed with South-Russian Ovcharkas, Great Danes, French Bouviers, Poodles, Pointers and Wolfspitzes, the Giant Schnauzer is truly an impressive and versatile working breed. It used to be called Munchener and Russian Bear Schnauzer in the past and was a valued livestock herder and protector. The Giant Schnauzers were also used as butchershop and brewery guardians, but soon became popular police dogs and family pets.
Even-tempered, easy to train and playful, the Riesenschnauzer makes a wonderful companion. This popular bearded show breed is a dedicated watchdog and can be quite territorial. The body is strong, muscular and well-boned. The coat is rough and needs regular grooming. Most dogs are uniform black, but salt-n-pepper specimens are accepted as well. Average height is around 26 inches.

No comments

The latest updated breeds

  • Ceylan

    Ceylan Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Ceylan is a cat breed originally from Sri Lanka. This medium-sized cat is characterized by its ticked tabby shorthair. A brief historical overview It was an Italian, Dr. Paolo Pellegatta, who in 1984 discovered half-wild ticked cats (like the Abyssin) in Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylan). With the help of the...
  • British longhair

    British longhair Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The British longhair is a breed of cat that originated in England. This medium to large cat is the semi-long-haired variety of the British shorthair. A brief historical overview The British longhair is a direct descendant of the British shorthair, and their history was identical until the...
  • British shorthair

    British shorthair Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The British shorthair is a breed of cat that originated in Great Britain. This medium to large cat is characterized by its very round head and large, round eyes. A brief historical overview At the same time, English breeders such as H. Weir selected the most beautiful alley cats, which were...
  • American Burmese

    American Burmese Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The American Burmese is a cat breed originating in Burma and developed in the United States from the 1930s onwards. This medium-sized cat is characterized by its sepia-toned coat. It differs from its English counterpart mainly by its face and round eyes. Standard The American Burmese is the only...
  • Bombay

    Bombay Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Bombay is a breed of cat originating in the United States. The Bombay is characterized by its uniformly black shorthair coat. The cobby body is muscular and compact. Standard Apart from coat and eye color, the Bombay's standard is identical to that of the American Burmese for LOOF and TICA.In...
  • Asian

    Asian Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Asian, also known as the Asiatic, is a breed of cat that originated in England. This medium-sized cat is a variety of the English Burmese, with coats and patterns different from those of the Mink, but with the same physique. It is the offspring of the Burmilla breeding program run by Baroness...
  • Burmilla

    Burmilla Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Burmilla is a breed of cat originating in England and belonging to the Asian group. Its development began in the 1980s with a chance cross between a lilac Burmese and a Persian chinchilla. Standard For the LOOF, English Burmese, Asian and Burmilla standards are identical, except in terms of...
  • English Burmese

    English Burmese Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The English Burmese or European Burmese is a cat breed descended from the American Burmese and developed in the United Kingdom from the 1950s onwards. This medium-sized cat is characterized by its sepia-toned coat. It differs from its American counterpart mainly by its triangular face and less...
  • Turkish Angora

    Turkish Angora Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Turkish Angora is a semi-long-haired cat breed from Turkey. A natural breed that enjoyed great success in the 18th century, this medium-sized cat is still little known today, despite its great aesthetic qualities and character. Standard The standard has evolved since the first cat show in...
  • American Wirehair

    American Wirehair Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The American Wirehair is a breed of cat native to the United States. This cat is characterized by its curly coat. A brief historical overview This breed is descended from the American shorthair. It appeared in a litter of American shorthairs in 1966 in New York State. One of the males in...
  • American Shorthair

    American Shorthair Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The American Shorthair is a cat breed originating in the United States. This medium-sized cat is characterized by its hardy type. A brief historical overview This breed is a direct descendant of the alley cats brought back by European settlers to protect grain stocks from rodents. The...
  • American Curl

    American Curl Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The American Curl is a cat breed originating in the United States. "American curl" means "curly American", referring to the breed's origin (the U.S.A.) and the typical shape of the ears. A brief historical overview The first specimen is a long-haired, black-coated, yellow-eyed cat called...
  • American Bobtail

    American Bobtail Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The American Bobtail is a new breed of cat from the United States. This medium to large cat is characterized by its almost complete lack of tail. A brief historical overview The breed was discovered in 1965 by an American couple, the Sanders, in the state of Arizona. The kitten had a wild...
  • Abyssin

    Abyssin Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Abyssin, also known as the Bunny Cat or Aby1, is a breed of cat native to Asia. This cat is characterized by a short-haired coat with a ticked tabby pattern. Standard One hundred and twenty years after selection began, the breed is now well established and undeniably resembles the representations...
  • Tiffany

    Tiffany Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Tiffany, Tiffanie or Asian longhair is a breed of cat originating in the United Kingdom and bred from the English Burmese. This medium-sized cat is the semi-long-haired variety of the Asian and English Burmese. A brief historical overview Breeding of the breed began by accident in England, in...
  • Bengal

    Bengal Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Bengal is a breed of cat that originated in the United States. This medium to large breed, compared to other cats, is characterized by its fur resembling that of the Bengal Leopard Cat, a species of wild cat from which it originated through crossbreeding with domestic cats. The possession of this...