Hokkaïdo

FCI standard Nº 261

Origin
Japan
Group
Group 5 Spitz and primitive type
Section
Section 5 Asian Spitz and related breeds
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Wednesday 22 April 1964
Publication of the official valid standard
Sunday 30 October 2016
Last update
Thursday 09 February 2017
En français, cette race se dit
Hokkaïdo
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Hokkaïdo
En español, esta raza se dice
Hokkaïdo
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Hokkaïdo

Usage

Hunting dog, companion.

Brief historical summary

This breed is said to have originated from medium-sized Japanese dogs that accompanied migrants from Honshu (the main island of Japan) to Hokkaido during the Kamakura era (in the 1140s), when exchanges were developing between Hokkaido and the Tohoku District. When the breed was designated as a « natural monument » in 1937, it took an the name of the area. It also came to be known as the « Ainu-ken », since the Ainu-the former inhabitants of Hokkaido-used to breed these dogs for hunting bears and other animals. The physique of the Hokkaido enables it to withstand severe cold and heavy snowfalls. It also shows accurate judgement and great stamina.

General appearance

Medium-sized dog with secondary sex characteristics strongly marked, well balanced, sturdily built and well boned. Muscles tough and clean cut.

Important proportions

• The ratio of height at withers to length of body is 10 : 11, but the body can be slightly longer in bitches.
• The ratio of skull to length of nasal bridge is 3 : 2.
• Length of skull equal to width of cheeks, being about one fourth of height at withers.

Behaviour / temperament

Dog of noteworthy endurance, showing dignity and naive feeling. The temperament is faithful, docile, very alert and bold. It also shows accurate judgement and great stamina.

Head

Cranial region

Skull
Skull and forehead broad and slightly flat.  
Stop
Shallow, but defined.

Facial region

Nose
Black, slight lack of pigmentation in white dogs is accepted.
Muzzle
Wedge-shaped. Nasal bridge straight.
Lips
Tight, with black edges. Blue-Black colour in tongue is not a fault.
Jaws and teeth
Strong, with a scissor bite.
Cheeks
Well developed.
Eyes
Nearly triangular, not too small, and dark brown in colour. The outer corners of the eyes are slightly upturned.
Ears
Small, triangular, slightly inclining forward and firmly pricked.

Neck

Powerful and muscular, free from dewlap.

Body

Withers
High.
Back
Straight and strong.
Loin
Moderately broad and muscular.
Croup
Properly sloping.
Chest
Forechest well developed. Chest deep and moderately broad; ribs well sprung.
Underline and belly
Slightly tucked up.

Tail

Set on high, thick and carried over the back vigorously curled or curved like a sickle, the tip nearly reaching hocks when let down.

Limbs

Forequarters

Shoulders
Moderately sloping.
Upper arm
Forming a moderate angle with shoulder b lade.
Forearm
Straight, clean cut.
Pastern
Slightly oblique.

Hindquarters

Generality
Well developed, strong and moderately angulated.
Hock
Tough, sufficiently strong.

Feet

Toes well arched and tightly closed; pads hard and elastic; nails hard and black or dark colour.

Gait and movement

Active, quick, light and resilient.

Coat

Hair
Outer coat harsh and straight; undercoat soft and dense. The hair on the tail fairly long and off-standing.
Colour
Sesame (well mixture of black, red and white hairs in whole), brindle, red, black, black and tan, white.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Dogs 48,5 - 51,5 cm. Bitches 45,5 - 48, 5 cm.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

General faults

 Lack of sexual dimorphism.
 Slightly overshot or undershot mouth.
 Shyness.
 Pinto colour.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
 Extremely overshot or undershot mouth.
 Ears not pricked.
 Hanging or short tail.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

The latest updated breeds

  • Smooth Chisoxy -- Fox Terrier Smooth X Chihuahua

    Smooth Chisoxy He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> Mexico -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Smooth Chisoxy The Smooth Chisoxy is a hybrid dog by design. It is derived from the Fox Terrier Smooth and the Chihuahua. It's a very small dog - some would even classify it as a toy. It usually...
  • Skye-Pap -- Skye Terrier X Continental Toy Spaniel

    Skye-Pap He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> France and Belgium -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Skye-Pap The Skye-Pap is a cross between the Skye Terrier and the Continental Toy Spaniel (Papillon). These little dogs have a lot of personality in a small space. Most of them measure just...
  • Skip-Shzu -- Schipperke X Shih Tzu

    Skip-Shzu He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Belgium <> Tibet -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Skip-Shzu The Skip-Shzu is a rare hybrid of the Schipperke and the purebred Shih Tzu. Despite its rarity, the Skip-Shzu is recognized by five different breed registries, including the Designer Breed Registry...
  • Skilky Terrier -- Scottish Terrier X Australian Silky Terrier

    Skilky Terrier He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Scotland <> Australia -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Skilky Terrier The Skilky Terrier is a hybrid between the purebred Scottish Terrier and the Australian Silky Terrier. The Scottish Terrier parent adds some ruggedness to the Skilky Terrier, but the...
  • Ski-Collie -- American Eskimo Dog X Collie Rough

    Ski-Collie He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Ski-Collie The Ski-Collie is a hybrid of the American Eskimo Dog and the Collie Rough. This hybrid mix combines two pure breeds that have both been bred for agricultural/breeding tasks in their...
  • Ski-Border -- American Eskimo Dog X Border Collie

    Ski-Border He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Ski-Border The Ski-Border is a hybrid dog of mixed conception. It is a combination of an American Eskimo Dog and a Border Collie. This friendly, outgoing mix has all the pleasing characteristics of its...
  • Silkzer -- Australian Silky Terrier X Miniature Schnauzer

    Silkzer He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silkzer The Silkzer is a hybrid of the Australian Silky Terrier and the purebred Miniature Schnauzer. The Silkzer is a small dog and, despite its Terrier roots, is not fiery but makes an excellent companion...
  • Silkytie -- Australian Silky Terrier X Shetland Sheepdog

    Silkytie He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silkytie The Silkytie is a cross between the purebred Shetland Sheepdog from the UK and the Australian Silky Terrier. Its name may not immediately betray its parentage, as some people don't remember...
  • Silky Pug -- Australian Silky Terrier X Pug

    Silky Pug He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> China -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silky Pug The Silky Pug is a designer dog and is a cross between an Australian Silky Terrier and a Pug. They are small dogs with a big attitude. They're friendly, mischievous little dogs that make excellent...
  • Silky-Pin -- Australian Silky Terrier X Miniature Pinscher

    Silky-Pin He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silky-Pin The Silky-Pin is a mix of the Australian Silky Terrier and Miniature Pinscher breeds. They are small dogs, weighing no more than 7 kilos and measuring around 30 centimeters. They are very healthy and...
  • Silky-Lhasa -- Australian Silky Terrier X Lhassa Apso

    Silky-Lhasa He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Tibet -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silky-Lhasa A Silky-Lhasa is a combination of the Lhassa Apso breed and the Australian Silky Terrier breed. As both are toy breeds, your Silky-Lhasa should measure no more than 30 centimeters and weigh...
  • Silky Jack -- Australian Silky Terrier X Jack Russell Terrier

    Silky Jack He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silky Jack This little dog with long, silky hair is called the Silky Jack, which is a combination of the Jack Russell Terrier and the Australian Silky Terrier. As both breeds are small dogs, the...
  • Silkyhuahua -- Australian Silky Terrier X Chihuahua

    Silkyhuahua He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Mexico -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silkyhuahua The Silkyhuahua, also known as the Silky Chi, is a toy-sized designer dog, a cross between a purebred Australian Silky Terrier and a purebred Chihuahua. They weigh between 2.5 and 4.5 kilos...
  • Silky Coton -- Australian Silky Terrier X Coton de Tuléar

    Silky Coton He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Madagascar -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silky Coton The Silky Coton is a hybrid breed created by crossing an Australian Silky Terrier and a Coton de Tuléar. These affectionate little dogs are designed to be loving companions and fit...
  • Silky Cocker -- Maltese X American Cocker Spaniel

    Silky Cocker He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Central Mediterranean Basin <> U.S.A. -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silky Cocker The Silky Cocker is a hybrid of the Maltese and the American Cocker Spaniel. As neither of these dogs is particularly large, this mixed breed companion is relatively small,...
  • Silky Cairn -- Australian Silky Terrier X Cairn Terrier

    Silky Cairn He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Scotland -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silky Cairn The Silky Cairn is a designer dog, an intentional cross between two small but spirited Terriers, the Cairn Terrier, developed on the rugged, rocky coasts of Scotland, and the Australian...
  • Silkshund -- Australian Silky Terrier X Dachshund

    Silkshund He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silkshund The Silkshund is an intentional cross between the German badger-hunting dog known as the Dachshund and the Australian Silky Terrier, a companion Terrier that was originally developed in...
  • Silkshire Terrier -- Australian Silky Terrier X Yorkshire Terrier

    Silkshire Terrier He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silkshire Terrier The Silkshire Terrier is a cross between the Australian Silky Terrier and the popular Yorkshire Terrier. Like its parents, the Silkshire Terrier is small in stature. At...
  • Silkland Terrier -- Australian Silky Terrier X West Highland White Terrier

    Silkland Terrier He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silkland Terrier The Silkland Terrier is a hybrid of the Australian Silky Terrier and the West Highland White Terrier or Westie. This mix combines two pure toy breeds that both demand your...
  • Silkinese -- Australian Silky Terrier X Pekingese

    Silkinese He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> China -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silkinese The Silkinese is a hybrid of the Australian Silky Terrier and the Pekingese. This toy-sized canine will quickly become the darling of your heart and your life. It's the result of blending two pure...
  • Silkin -- Australian Silky Terrier X Japanese Spaniel

    Silkin He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> China -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silkin The Silkin is a cross between a Japanese Spaniel and an Australian Silky Terrier. This cute little dog is cheerful, fun-loving and affectionate. He loves being with his family and is very loyal. He has a...
  • Silkese -- Australian Silky Terrier X Maltese

    Silkese He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> Central Mediterranean Basin -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silkese The Silkese is a toy-sized hybrid of an Australian Silky Terrier and a Maltese. The Silkese has a long, silky coat that comes in a variety of colors such as black, brown, white,...
  • Silkchon -- Australian Silky Terrier X Bichon frise

    Silkchon He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> France / Belgium -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Silkchon The Silkchon is a designer hybrid that was created by crossing the Bichon frise with the Australian Silky Terrier. This lively little dog has the physical and temperamental characteristics...
  • Siberian Shiba -- Siberian Husky X Shiba

    Siberian Shiba He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Siberia <> Japan -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Siberian Shiba The Siberian Shiba is an adorable little dog created from a Siberian Husky and a Shiba. Although it can vary from one individual to another, most Siberian Shiba need attention and can be...
  • Siberian Pinscher -- Siberian Husky X Dobermann

    Siberian Pinscher He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Siberia <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Dobsky A brief presentation of the Siberian Pinscher The Siberian Pinscher is a hybrid of the Siberian Husky and the Dobermann. The Siberian Husky is easy-going and outgoing, capable of fulfilling a...