Japanese Spitz

FCI standard Nº 262

Origin
Japan
Group
Group 5 Spitz and primitive type
Section
Section 5 Asian Spitz and related breeds
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Wednesday 22 April 1964
Publication of the official valid standard
Thursday 01 January 1987
Last update
Wednesday 16 June 1999
En français, cette race se dit
Spitz japonais
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Japan Spitz
En español, esta raza se dice
Spitz japonés
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Japanse Spits
In his country of origin, his name is

Nihon Supittsu

Usage

Companion dog.

Brief historical summary

The origin of the Japanese Spitz is said to be the large-sized white German Spitz brought to Japan around 1920 via the continent of Siberia and northeast part of China. Around the year 1921 the breed was first exhibited at a dog show in Tokyo. Subsequently, in 1925, two pairs of white Spitz were imported from Canada, and until around 1936, imports came from Canada, the U.S., Australia and China. Eventually their offspring were crossbred to produce a better breed. After the 2nd World War, the unified breed standard was established by the Japan Kennel Club in 1948 to be valid to the present.

General appearance

Covered with profuse pure white coat, with pointed muzzle, triangular pricked ears, and feathering tail over back. The constitution tough and the whole well balanced, its harmonious beauty causing spirit and dignity peculiar to this breed, and expressing elegance.

Important proportions

The ratio of height at withers to length of body is 10 : 11.

Behaviour / temperament

Intelligent, cheerful, keen in sense. Noisy not permitted.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Size in balance to body, moderately broad and rounded.
Skull
Forehead moderately developed. Rear part of skull broadest. 
Stop
Defined.

Facial region

Nose
Small, round and black.
Muzzle
Pointed, the tip slightly round, and well balanced.
Lips
Tight and preferably black.
Jaws and teeth
Teeth white and strong with scissor bite.
Eyes
Moderately large, almond-shaped, set slightly oblique, dark in colour. Black eyerims.
Ears
Set on high, small, triangular, pricked, facing forward, and not too far apart.

Neck

Moderately long, muscles well developed.

Body

Withers
High.
Back
Straight and short.
Loin
Broad.
Chest
Wide and deep, ribs well sprung.
Underline and belly
Well tucked up.

Tail

Set on high, moderately long, carried over back.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Shoulders well sloping, forearms straight, elbows tight.

Hindquarters

Generality
Muscular, stifle and hock moderately bent.

Feet

Cat-feet. Pads thick, and desirably black as well as the nails.

Gait and movement

Quick and active.

Coat

Hair
Outer coat straight and stand-off. Undercoat short, soft and dense. The foreface, ears, front of forearms and part below hocks are short haired, and the rest covered with abundant long coat, especially from neck to shoulders and forechest covered with beautiful frill, and the tail also has long profuse feathering.
Colour
Pure white.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Dogs 30-38 cm. Bitches slightly smaller than dogs.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

General faults

 Overshot or undershot mouth.
 Strongly curled tail.
 Shyness; noisiness.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
 Drop ears.
 Tail not carried on back.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

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