Japanese Terrier

FCI standard Nº 259

Origin
Japan
Translation
Revised by Renée Sporre-Willes
Group
Group 3 Terriers
Section
Section 2 Small sized Terriers
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Wednesday 01 April 1964
Publication of the official valid standard
Monday 04 April 2016
Last update
Friday 03 June 2016
En français, cette race se dit
Terrier japonais
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Japanischer Terrier
En español, esta raza se dice
Terrier japonés
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Japanse Terrier
In his country of origin, his name is

Nihon Teria

Usage

Toy Dog.

Brief historical summary

This breed was created by mating smooth-haired Fox Terriers, exported to Nagasaki from the Netherlands in the 17th century, to small-sized pointers or small-sized native dogs. Japanese Terriers were kept mainly as lapdogs in ports such as Kobe and Yokohama. The Japanese Terrier has a lively and cheerful character. Its planned breeding started around 1920, and it was not until about 1930 that its type became fixed.

General appearance

Small-sized dog of smart appearance with a clear-cut and compact outline. The coat is very short, being about 2 mm in length.

Important proportions

The ratio of height at withers to length of body is 1 : 1.
The nasal bridge and the skull are equal in length.

Behaviour / temperament

The Japanese Terrier is swift and lively in temperament.

Head

Cranial region

Skull
Flat and moderately narrow. 
Stop
Not too defined.

Facial region

Nose
Black with a straight nasal bridge.
Lips
Thin and tight.
Jaws and teeth
Strong and white, with a scissor bite.
Cheeks
Lean and free from fullness.
Eyes
Moderately sized, oval in shape and dark in colour.
Ears
Set on high, moderately small, thin, V-shaped and dropping forward. But carried folded and standing out from sides of the skull permitted.

Neck

Moderately long, strong, gradually thicker towards the shoulders and free from throatiness.

Body

Withers
High.
Back
Short and firm.
Loin
Slightly arched.
Croup
Powerful.
Chest
Deep, but forechest no too broad. Ribs well sprung.
Underline and belly
Belly well tucked up.

Tail

Moderately thin; traditionally docked in country of origin. In countries where tail docking is prohibited the natural tail is slightly curved and tapering towards the tip. In action it is carried moderately high.

Limbs

Forequarters

Shoulders
Sloping gently.
Forearm
Straight, bone not heavy.

Hindquarters

Upper thigh
Long.
Stifle
Moderately angulated.
Metatarsus
Vertical.
Hock
Moderately angulated.

Feet

Tightly closed, pads elastic; nails hard and preferably dark in colour.

Gait and movement

Light and agile.

Coat

Hair
Short, smooth, dense and glossy.
Colour
Tricolour with black, tan and white head; white with black spots, black markings or tan markings on body.

Size and weight

Height at withers
For both males and females approximately 30 – 33 cm.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
 Long Hair.
 Extremely overshot or undershot bite.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

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