Kromfohrländer

FCI standard Nº 192

Origin
Germany
Translation
Mrs. C. Seidler, brought up to date by Dr. Paschoud
Group
Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs
Section
Section 10 Kromfohrländer
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Monday 28 November 1955
Publication of the official valid standard
Monday 12 October 1998
Last update
Monday 12 October 1998
En français, cette race se dit
Kromfohrländer
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Kromfohrländer
En español, esta raza se dice
Kromfohrländer
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Kromfohrländer

Usage

Companion and house-dog.

Brief historical summary

The Kromfohrländer is one of the most recent German breeds and has been recognized internationally since 1955. Ilse Schleifenbaum who first bred it, lived near Siegen in southern Nordrhein-Westphalia near the district « krom Fohr » (in modern German « crooked furrow »), hence the name « Kromfohrländer ». The breed ows its lovable temperament and character to its ancestors, the wire-haired Fox Terrier and the Grand Griffon Vendeen.

General appearance

Medium size. There are two separate varieties, distinguished by coat type : Rough coat and Smooth coat.

Important proportions

The length of the body is slightly greater than the height at withers.

Behaviour / temperament

Adaptable, docile and highspirited companion and house-dog, somewhat reserved about strangers, with a moderate hunting instinct. Aggressiveness and timidity not desired.

Head

Cranial region

Skull
Slightly roundish, no frontal protuberance. Frontal furrow indicated. 
Stop
Well defined.

Facial region

Nose
Medium size, nostrils well opened, preferably black, brown permitted.
Muzzle
Length of foreface in relation to length of skull = 1 : 1. Headplanes of muzzle and skull parallel. Nasal bridge straight, moderately broad. Seen in profile and from above tapering slightly to the tip of the nose.
Lips
Close fitting, not too heavy ; labial corner tight, with dark pigment.
Jaws and teeth
Jaws strong with a regular and complete scissor bite ( 42 teeth according to tooth-formula of the dog), i. e. the incisors of the upper jaw closely overlapping the lower incisors, the teeth being set square the jaws. Pincer bite permitted.
Cheeks
Strong musculature, fitting tightly from lower to upper jaw up to the cheekbone.
Eyes
Medium size, oval ; set slightly slanting. Dark brown, medium brown permitted.
Ears
Set on high at the side, semi-drop ear with the fold not lying above the top line of the skull, triangular shape with rounded tips, lying close to the head. Very mobile, carried depending on mood ; slight flap ear permissible.

Neck

Profile : Rising obliquely, slightly arched nape of neck.
Length : Medium length.
Shape : Strong, well muscled towards back.
Skin : Close fitting to neck, no dewlap.

Body

Topline
Running straight, slightly longer than height at withers.
Withers
Indicated.
Back
Strong, straight, medium-long topline.
Loin
Slightly narrower than the ribcage, well developed.
Croup
Slightly sloping, well muscled.
Chest
Moderately broad and deep ; sternal line at level of elbows ; ribs lightly rounded ; forechest slightly pronounced.
Underline and belly
Tucked up towards loins.

Tail

Not docked, medium long, strong at set-on ; sabre tail, slight ring tail permitted. Coat of tail according to type of body coat. At ease carried hanging with the tip slightly curved up ; in action carried as sickle tail over the back.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
The position of the forelegs seen from the front is straight and vertical.
Shoulders
Well muscled; shoulder blade moderately long and sloping.
Upper arm
Angle to shoulder-blade about 110°, well muscled.
Elbows
Fitting naturally to the body, neither turned in nor out. Angle about 120°.
Forearm
Slightly longer than the upper arm. Vertical to ground and strong.
Carpal
Well developed, but not too strong and thick.
Pastern
Relatively short, seen from front in straight continuation of the forearm ; seen from side slightly sloping.

Hindquarters

Generality
Seen from rear legs straight and standing vertical to ground.
Upper thigh
Well muscled. Angle of hip joint about 100°.
Lower thigh
Sinewy ; forms an angle of about 105° to the upper thigh.
Metatarsus
Similar to front pastern, but vertical to ground. Without dewclaws.

Feet

Lightly arched, tight toes. Nails strong; pads well developed, dark pigmented. Pale nails permitted.

Gait and movement

Flowing, active, with even strides ; front action reaching well forward, hind action with strong drive. Likes to jump ; no pacing.

Skin

Taut connective tissues. Pigmentation according to coat markings.

Coat

Hair
· Rough coat : Thick, rough texture, with beard. At withers and on back hair not longer than 7 cm. Shorter on the sides, about 3 cm. The hair on the back and the fore-and hindquarters is harsher than on the sides. Longer hair on face and muzzle. Hair on ears according to type of coat on body. Undercoat short and soft.
· Smooth coat : Thick, smooth texture, without beard. At withers and on back hair not longer than 7 cm. Shorter on sides, about 3 cm. Coat lying close to body. The hair is longer on ears, lower side of neck and on the chest. Tail with good plume. Distinct feathering at rear side of forelegs and upper thighs desirable. On face and muzzle hair short. Undercoat short and soft.
Colour
On body : Basic colour white with light brown, tan to very dark brown markings in shape of variously large patches or saddle. With a brown undercoat the tips of hairs may be black.
On head : Light brown, tan to very dark brown markings on cheeks, above eyes and on ears ; divided as symmetrically as possible by a white blaze which reaches up to the forehead or to the nape of neck without any interruption ( symmetrical mask with blaze).

Size and weight

Height at withers
Between 38 and 46 cm.
Weight
For males from 11 to 16 kg, for females from 9 to 14 kg.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

Serious faults

 Light eyes.
 Brown markings definitely too pale.
 Black shaded patches without brown undercoat.
 Absence of markings on body.
 Distinctly uneven markings on head.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
 Unbalanced temperament (aggressiveness, timidity).
 Over- or undershot mouth.
 Absence of more than two molars or more than 3 premolars.
 Blue eyes.
 Unbalanced temperament (aggressiveness, timidity).

Important

A singular missing incisor in the upper or lower jaw as well as a somewhat shorter or longer coat should not be considered an eliminating fault if the dog, in all other parts, is qualified as excellent or very good.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

No comments

The latest updated breeds

  • Ceylan

    Ceylan Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Ceylan is a cat breed originally from Sri Lanka. This medium-sized cat is characterized by its ticked tabby shorthair. A brief historical overview It was an Italian, Dr. Paolo Pellegatta, who in 1984 discovered half-wild ticked cats (like the Abyssin) in Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylan). With the help of the...
  • British longhair

    British longhair Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The British longhair is a breed of cat that originated in England. This medium to large cat is the semi-long-haired variety of the British shorthair. A brief historical overview The British longhair is a direct descendant of the British shorthair, and their history was identical until the...
  • British shorthair

    British shorthair Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The British shorthair is a breed of cat that originated in Great Britain. This medium to large cat is characterized by its very round head and large, round eyes. A brief historical overview At the same time, English breeders such as H. Weir selected the most beautiful alley cats, which were...
  • American Burmese

    American Burmese Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The American Burmese is a cat breed originating in Burma and developed in the United States from the 1930s onwards. This medium-sized cat is characterized by its sepia-toned coat. It differs from its English counterpart mainly by its face and round eyes. Standard The American Burmese is the only...
  • Bombay

    Bombay Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Bombay is a breed of cat originating in the United States. The Bombay is characterized by its uniformly black shorthair coat. The cobby body is muscular and compact. Standard Apart from coat and eye color, the Bombay's standard is identical to that of the American Burmese for LOOF and TICA.In...
  • Asian

    Asian Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Asian, also known as the Asiatic, is a breed of cat that originated in England. This medium-sized cat is a variety of the English Burmese, with coats and patterns different from those of the Mink, but with the same physique. It is the offspring of the Burmilla breeding program run by Baroness...
  • Burmilla

    Burmilla Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Burmilla is a breed of cat originating in England and belonging to the Asian group. Its development began in the 1980s with a chance cross between a lilac Burmese and a Persian chinchilla. Standard For the LOOF, English Burmese, Asian and Burmilla standards are identical, except in terms of...
  • English Burmese

    English Burmese Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The English Burmese or European Burmese is a cat breed descended from the American Burmese and developed in the United Kingdom from the 1950s onwards. This medium-sized cat is characterized by its sepia-toned coat. It differs from its American counterpart mainly by its triangular face and less...
  • Turkish Angora

    Turkish Angora Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Turkish Angora is a semi-long-haired cat breed from Turkey. A natural breed that enjoyed great success in the 18th century, this medium-sized cat is still little known today, despite its great aesthetic qualities and character. Standard The standard has evolved since the first cat show in...
  • American Wirehair

    American Wirehair Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The American Wirehair is a breed of cat native to the United States. This cat is characterized by its curly coat. A brief historical overview This breed is descended from the American shorthair. It appeared in a litter of American shorthairs in 1966 in New York State. One of the males in...
  • American Shorthair

    American Shorthair Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The American Shorthair is a cat breed originating in the United States. This medium-sized cat is characterized by its hardy type. A brief historical overview This breed is a direct descendant of the alley cats brought back by European settlers to protect grain stocks from rodents. The...
  • American Curl

    American Curl Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The American Curl is a cat breed originating in the United States. "American curl" means "curly American", referring to the breed's origin (the U.S.A.) and the typical shape of the ears. A brief historical overview The first specimen is a long-haired, black-coated, yellow-eyed cat called...
  • American Bobtail

    American Bobtail Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The American Bobtail is a new breed of cat from the United States. This medium to large cat is characterized by its almost complete lack of tail. A brief historical overview The breed was discovered in 1965 by an American couple, the Sanders, in the state of Arizona. The kitten had a wild...
  • Abyssin

    Abyssin Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Abyssin, also known as the Bunny Cat or Aby1, is a breed of cat native to Asia. This cat is characterized by a short-haired coat with a ticked tabby pattern. Standard One hundred and twenty years after selection began, the breed is now well established and undeniably resembles the representations...
  • Tiffany

    Tiffany Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Tiffany, Tiffanie or Asian longhair is a breed of cat originating in the United Kingdom and bred from the English Burmese. This medium-sized cat is the semi-long-haired variety of the Asian and English Burmese. A brief historical overview Breeding of the breed began by accident in England, in...
  • Bengal

    Bengal Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Bengal is a breed of cat that originated in the United States. This medium to large breed, compared to other cats, is characterized by its fur resembling that of the Bengal Leopard Cat, a species of wild cat from which it originated through crossbreeding with domestic cats. The possession of this...