Lapponian Herder

FCI standard Nº 284

Origin
Finland
Translation
Finnish Kennel Club
Group
Group 5 Spitz and primitive types
Section
Section 3 Nordic Watchdogs and Herders
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Friday 13 November 1970
Publication of the official valid standard
Friday 12 March 1999
Last update
Friday 12 March 1999
En français, cette race se dit
Berger finnois de Laponie
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Finnische Lapplandhirtenhund
En español, esta raza se dice
Pastor Finlandés de Laponia
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Laplandse Herdershond
In his country of origin, his name is

Lapinporokoira

Usage

Reindeer herder.

Brief historical summary

For hundreds of years the Lapps have used dogs of the same type as Lapponian Herder as reindeer herders. Acceptance to the breed register was started in the 1950’s. At that time the modern Finnish Lapphund and the Lapponian Herder were still recognized as the same breed. The Lapponian Herder was separated into its own breed 10.12.1966, as it had been noted that two different reindeer herding breeds existed.

General appearance

A herding spitz, medium sized, clearly longer than the height at the withers. The bone and muscles are strong. The dog is muscular, however must not give the impression of being heavy. The sex should be clearly stamped. The coat is suitably adapted for the arctic climate.

Important proportions

The length of the body is about 10% longer than the height at the withers. The depth of the body is about half of the height at the withers.

Behaviour / temperament

Docile, calm, friendly, energetic and willing to serve. Barks readily when working.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Elongated; the muzzle is slightly shorter than the skull.
Skull
Only slightly convex. The frontal furrow is marked and the superciliary ridges are clearly defined. 
Stop
Gently sloping.

Facial region

Nose
Preferably black, yet harmonizing with the coat colour.
Muzzle
Viewed from above and in profile the muzzle tapers evenly towards the nose.
Lips
Tight.
Nasal bridge
The nasal bridge is straight.
Jaws and teeth
Jaws and teeth are strong. Scissor bite. Normal dentition.
Cheeks
The zygomatic arches are clearly marked.
Eyes
Preferably dark in colour, yet harmonizing with the coat colour. Lively and set rather apart. Oval shaped. The expression is keen, in bitches also devoted.
Ears
Pricked, medium in length, set rather apart, rather broad at set-on. The inside of the ear is covered with profuse hair, particularly at the base.

Neck

Strong and medium in length, set smoothly into the shoulders. Without dewlap.

Body

Withers
Marked.
Back
Strong and muscular.
Loin
Short and muscular.
Croup
Rather long and slightly oblique.
Chest
Deep, long and spacious, not very broad.
Ribs
The ribs are clearly arched.
Underline and belly
Gently tucked up.

Tail

Medium in length, low set and covered with profuse hair. In repose the tail is hanging; in movement it is held in a loose curve, but may not raise over the back. The tail action may also be circular.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Powerful, attached to the body with strong muscles, yet free in movement. Muscular and well angulated. Viewed from the front straight and parallel.
Shoulders
Oblique and muscular.
Elbows
Turning neither inwards nor outwards, close to the body, pointing straight backwards.
Forearm
Vertical.
Carpal
Sinewy and flexible.
Pastern
Seen in profile slightly oblique, enabling the flexible movement.
Forefeet
Rather oval with all sides, also underneath, covered with dense hair. The toes are well arched, the pads elastic and thick.

Hindquarters

Generality
Well angulated. Viewed from behind straight and parallel.
Upper thigh
Rather long and broad with well developed muscles.
Stifle
Pointed forward, the angulation is clearly marked.
Metatarsus
Rather short, vertical and parallel.
Hock
Set rather low; the angulation is clearly marked.
Hind feet
As front feet. Preferably without dewclaws.

Gait and movement

Free, flexible, effortless and sound. The trot is tireless. At a fast trot tends to single-track.

Skin

Tight overall without wrinkles.

Coat

Hair
The outer coat is of medium length or long, straight, rather erect and harsh. The undercoat is fine and dense. The hair is often more profuse and longer on the neck, chest and on the backside of the thighs.
Colour
Black in different shades, even greyish or dark brown with a lighter shade than the basic colour, greyish or brownish colour markings often on head, the lower parts of the body and legs. White markings on neck, chest and legs are permitted. The undercoat is black, greyish or brownish.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Ideal height for males 51 cm, ideal height for females 46 cm, with a tolerance of ± 3 cm.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

General faults

 Males not masculine and females not feminine.
 Very light eyes in black dogs.
 Ears with slack tips (tipped ears).
 Tail curled or curved over the back.
 Soft, wavy or flat coat.
 Without undercoat.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggresive or overly shy.
 Overshot or undershot mouth.
 Drop ears.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

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