Landseer (European Continental type)

FCI standard Nº 226

Origin
Germany / Switzerland
Translation
Mrs. Matenaar
Group
Group 2 Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds- Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs
Section
Section 2.2 Molossoid breeds, Mountain type
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Wednesday 24 August 1960
Publication of the official valid standard
Wednesday 24 August 1960
Last update
Wednesday 01 October 1997
En français, cette race se dit
Landseer Type continental européen
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Landseer Europäisch kontinentaler Typ
En español, esta raza se dice
Landseer Tipo europeo continental
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Landseer Continentaal Europees type

Usage

Guard Dog, Companion.

General appearance

The Landseer should convey the impression of a tall, powerful and well balanced dog. The legs are comparatively longer than those of the black Newfoundland - especially in the male.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Scalp should be free from wrinkles, covered with short, fine hair. Head should be strikingly modelled, with noble expression.
Skull
Broad and massive with well developed occipital protuberance. 
Stop
Decided, however not as pronounced and steep as in the Saint Bernard Dog.

Facial region

Nose
Black.
Muzzle
Length of muzzle is equal to depth of muzzle measured in front of the stop.
Lips
Clean, black ; the as tight as possible and no drivelling upper lip slightly overlapping the lower.
Jaws and teeth
Scissor bite.
Cheeks
Moderately developed, gradually tapering into the muzzle.
Eyes
Medium size, moderately deep set, brown to darkbrown, lightbrown to be tolerated, friendly expression, almond shaped, showing no haw. Pronouncedly light eyes ( sulphur or greyish yellow) are faulty, as well as eyes set too close together.
Ears
Medium size. Reaching inner corner of eyes, when drawn out. Triangular shape, with slightly rounded tips. Set high on head, however not too far back. Carried close and flat to sides of head. Ears covered with short, fine hair. Fringes of longer hair to be found only at back part of root of ear.

Neck

The neck- muscular and broad - should not be quite round but rather eggshaped in cross-section, symmetrically set and obliquely placed in shoulders. Length of neck from occiput to withers to be approximately ¾ to 4/5 the length from occiput to tip of nose. Pronounced dewlap undesirable.

Body

Body
The length measured from withers to set on of tail should be about twice the length of the head. Wide and strong from withers to croup.
Back
Straight and level.
Loin
Muscular.
Croup
Broad, well rounded at sides and backwards by powerful bolster of muscles.
Chest
Between the very muscular shoulders the chest is deep and broad corresponding to well sprung ribs.
Underline and belly
Slightly tucked up. Clearly visible flat depression between belly and loin. Weak or hollow back, weak loins, too short false ribs and too much tuck-up of the belly are faults.

Tail

Strong, reaching slightly below hocks at the most, well covered with dense, bushy hair, however not flaglike. Tail should hang downwards when standing or at ease, with a slight curve at end permissible. May carry tail straight out, with only a slight curve at end, when moving. Tails with a kink or curled over back are most objectionable.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Strong muscles descending from shoulders and surrounding a well boned humerus are connected in correct angulation to the massive bones of the seen from front absolutely straight and muscular fore-legs. Legs slightly fringed down to pastern.
Elbows
Close to body at the lowest point of brisket ; distance from ground to elbows rather high ; elbows pointing straight to the rear.

Hindquarters

Generality
The hindquarters are throughout very sturdy. Hindlegs to move freely ; they should have strong bone embedded by powerful muscles. Hindlegs to be moderately fringed.
Upper thigh
Especially broad.
Hock
Dewclaws : They are objectionable ; they should be removed as soon as possible after birth. Cowhocks or insufficient angulation are faulty.

Feet

Large, well shaped cat-feet. Splayed or turned out feet are objectionable. Toes connected by webbing, which should be strong, almost reaching tip of toes.

Gait and movement

Movement of the well musceled legs should present a free, long stride, covering ground well.

Coat

Hair
The top coat - with exception of the head - should be long and as straight and dense as possible, soft to the touch, with good undercoat, which is not as dense as in the black Newfoundland. Slightly wavy coat on back and hindquarters is not objectionable. When brushed wrong way it falls back into place naturally.
Colour
Main colour of coat is a clear white with distinct black patches on body and croup. Collar, forechest, belly, legs and tail must be white. Head black, with white muzzle and white symmetrical blaze - neither too narrow, nor too wide - extending from muzzle over head to the white collar, being considered a definite breeding goal. Ticking still occuring in the white not to be penalized, but should be bred away.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Dogs : 72 to 80 cm ( 28,5 to 31,5 inches). Bitches : 67 to 72 cm ( 26,5 to 28,5 inches). Small deviations below or above to be tolerated.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy dogs.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

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