Majorca Shepherd

FCI standard Nº 321

Origin
Spain (Balearic Islands)
Group
Group 1 Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs)
Section
Section 1 Sheepdogs
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Wednesday 26 May 1982
Publication of the official valid standard
Wednesday 26 May 1982
En français, cette race se dit
Chien de berger de Majorque
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Mallorca Schäferhund
En español, esta raza se dice
Perro de pastor Mallorquin
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Herdershond Mallorca
In his country of origin, his name is

Ca de Bestiar

Usage

Herding, Guard and Defense Dog.

General appearance

Subconvex profile dog, big size without being exaggerated and medium weight. He is completely black or black with a white spot on the chest, well balanced, coarse, strong, muscled, robust and agile. There exist two varieties of hair : Short hair, the most common variety and long hair.

Important proportions

Sub-hypermetric, of medium proportions and subconvex dog.
• In females, it is accepted that the length of the body is up to a 3% longer than the height at the withers.
• The length of the muzzle must be as the length of the skull.
• The length of the head must be as the length of the neck.
• In adult males, the thoracic perimeter, measured from the withers behind the elbows, is approximately, a bit longer than the height at the withers.

Behaviour / temperament

A very noble dog, of an only owner that accepts the presence of strangers with difficulty. Intelligent, docile, affectionate, extremely shy and reserved in his youth; his sentimentalism reaches unsuspected limits. Loyal to his owner until death. If we look into his eyes, we will have the feeling that he thinks. He is brave and quarrelsome.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Slightly triangular profile; seen from behind it is wider in the upper part than in the lower one; massive, but not heavy; wide enough to house a good intelligence; well shaped and in proportion to the body; it must be rather big, but never molossoid type. Upper planes of skull and muzzle are parallel. The cranio-facial axes slightly diverging.
Skull
Subconvex profile. The width of the head, measured between the temporal muscles, must be slightly superior (approximately in 1,2 %) to the length between the supraorbital region and the occipital crest. It can be seen a little furrow in the first third of the middle frontal line. Well defined occipital crest. 
Stop
Well defined, but never abrupt, with slight slope.

Facial region

Nose
Humid, fresh, black, big, with open nostrils; not split. It will noticeably rest points if it has sort of light brown spots or clearer.
Muzzle
Wide, rather strong; not sharp, but the height and width must be noticeable when near the eye socket. In the variety “Ca Cabrer” (long hair), it is sharp. The dorsal profile of the nose is Subconvex. The profile of the lower jaw is straight. Black palate.
Lips
Black; the upper lip covers the lower one when the mouth is closed; not very marked corner of the lip and they are unnoticed for being well proportioned to the head.
Jaws and teeth
Very white teeth, well developed and placed, scissor bite, the extreme upper incisors really seizing with the lower canines. Developped molars.
Eyes
Rather small, slightly almond shaped; neither prominent nor deep-set; not very distant, well-balanced, slightly oblique, bright. The colour is a mixture of rosemary honey (light) and carob honey (dark). Enigmatic expression, intelligent and sad look at the same time, showing even distrust. Thin, black and oblique eyelids, very closed to the eye.
Ears
Bent, of small size in relation to the head, triangular, the end reaching the corner of the eye in that side, i.e. approximately of the same length as the skull. Non-cropped, somewhat thick, high set, the tip slightly distant from the skull, with a longitudinal fold and another transverse around the first third. Position of the ears: usually folded and fallen, slightly separated from the muzzled. At rest, they tip backwards; in a state of attention they rise up by the transversal fold, more separated from the muzzle than usual.

Neck

Solid aspect, muscled, strong and proportioned to the head and the body. Thick, with a small dewlap, cylindrical, the diameter being more marked in the base. The skin is hard and elastic, neither thin nor thick, very closed to the neck in the upper and lateral parts, slightly more separated in the inferior part.

Body

Body
Robust, very well balanced, making the impression at the same time of strength and agility.
Topline
Dorso-lumbar region straight, horizontal, never saddle-backed.
Withers
Marked and at least at the same height as the upper part of the croup; the area between the shoulder blades broad and strong.
Loin
Broad and powerful.
Croup
Medium, slightly rounded, wide, powerful and muscled; never prominent nor fallen. The upper part must be at the same height as the withers. His interiliac width must be the same as the iliac-isquiatic length.
Chest
Broad and high, reaching at most the height of the elbow; the width is approximately the same as the length of the neck; quite deep, not prominent, with a slightly pronounce sternum. Arched ribs (neither flat nor in barrel).
Side
Medium bulky flanks.
Underline and belly
Slightly tucked up belly, never greyhound-like, nor descending so that it can be confused with the continuation of the chest. Somewhat stylized, must give the impression of liveliness.

Tail

Horizontal insertion and circular section, a bit thick at the root. Around 8 cm from the root, it is slightly flat in the bottom part, in about 10 cm long, to continue the descending circular section until the tip. Without docking. The length must reach the hock joint, never touching the floor. Without plume, although it is authorised if it is slight in old-age dogs. In the long-hair variety, the plume must be abundantly covered with long hair. Tail hanging: while at rest, it just hangs or is slightly curved outwards, lightly touching the hock joints, considering a serious fault if the tip touches the floor. Waving and raised over the horizontal in a sickle, without rolling it, while in action.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Strong legs, vertical; seen from the front and in profile, parallel and perpendicular to the floor.
Shoulders
Oblique and strong. Scapular-humeral angle : 115°.
Upper arm
As long as the shoulder blade.
Elbows
No deviations, close to the thorax. Humeral-radial angle 130°.
Forearm
Strong, well angulated, perpendicular. Vertical bone structure, strong, long and straight.
Pastern
Short and slightly oblique.
Forefeet
Almost harefeet (a bit shorter and wider than these), with semihigh, semiarched, placed together toes and a very hard and black pad. Without marked interdigital membrane.

Hindquarters

Generality
Muscled, strong; vertical. Attenuated and hard muscular relieves. Coxal-femoral angle 115º, like the scapular-humeral.
Upper thigh
Strong and muscled. Femoral-tibial angle 130º, like the humeral-radial.
Lower thigh
Long and powerful.
Metatarsus
Well marked.
Hock
Little pronounced, very open angulation of 135º. The height of the hock joint is approximately inferior to the third of his height at the withers.
Hind feet
Almost harefeet, flat, semiarched and placed together toes. Hard and black pad. Arched, hard and black nails. Without marked interdigital membrane. He can be born with or without dewclaws, these have to be amputated in the first case.

Gait and movement

His gait must be firm and elegant. Trot in diagonal bipeds, slightly tilting the rear third with regard to the front one. Gallop is natural, coarse, quick, the hind legs well apart at the base, placing them on the outside part of the front legs, as if he moved jumping. The preferred gait and the working one is the gallop.

Skin

Elastic, without wrinkles, hard and light grey.

Coat

Hair
Short and flat, its length varies between 1,5 cm and 3 cm at the loin; very thin subhair, scant thickness and very flat. In the long hair variety, it can be slightly wavy at the loin, of more than 7 cm approx. depending on the season of the year and corresponding the largest to the winter. Well distributed subhair and scant thickness, being longer in the plume of the tail, tip of the ears and rear part of the limbs. In both varieties, it must be soft, hard and thin enough.
Colour
The only accepted colour is black, in its varieties of jet black, common and pitch. White is just accepted on the chest, as a thin tie below the neck and on the fore and hind feet, resting points according to its visibility in nails and tiptoes. Jet black is the best considered, losing value the common black and the pitch black.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Between 66 and 73 cm for males, between 62 and 68 cm for females.
Dogs with a height one centimetre over or below the mentioned limits are admitted; in this case, some points can be deducted.
Weight
Around 40 kg.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

Serious faults

 Slobbering dogs.
 Blunt canines (tusks) cut.
 Very raised ears at rest, very big and separated from the face or completely close to it.
 Tucked up belly (greyhound-like).
 Rolled up tail; white tip of tail.
 White spot on the chest over 1 dm².
 All the toes of a foot white.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy.
 Mastiff head, very wide and heavy or greyhound-like, long and narrow with a scarcely pronounced stop.
 Pink or white nose.
 Upper or lower jaw prognatism over 3 mm.
 Eyes with different colours; eyes not being between the colour of the rosemary honey (light) and carob honey (dark); very light eye.
 Cropped ears, straight in action and nearly straight at rest.
 Neck with double dewlap, thicker close to the skull than at the base, longer than 10 % of the length from the nose to the occipital crest.
 Too long or short body; height to the upper part of the croup a 3 % higher than the height at the withers.
 Very thick tail or the same thickness at the base and at the tip; excessively long touching the floor; docked or lacking 2 cm to the hock joint; with abundantly plume in the variety of short hair, or without plume in the variety of long hair.
 Another colour but black, or in black dogs, one white or other colour fore or hind foot, any of the limbs with a short of white shoe; no totally black body (except the chest, any hair on the belly, prepuce or tip of the tail), whose spots, not disqualifying, will noticeably rest points.
 It will not rest points the white hairs consequence of bites, traumatisms or other similar bounds, nor the white hairs of the face typical of the age.
 White toes are not disqualifying, unless the animal has more than six, noticeably resting points each toe; one only white or other colour toe in the fore feet disqualify the dog.
 Height at the withers of more than 74 cm in males and more than 70 cm in females.
 The height at the withers of less than 66 cm in males and less than 60 cm in females.
 The weight under 30 kg and more than 50 kg in males, under 25 kg and more than 45 kg in females; even though they are within the mentioned limits, very thin dogs, visibly obese or very saddle-backed (being tolerant in pregnant females).

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

No comments

The latest updated breeds

  • Tibécot -- Tibetan Terrier X Coton de Tuléar

    Tibecot He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Tibet <> Madagascar -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Tibecot The Tibecot is a hybrid dog, the result of the deliberate combination of two intelligent pets, both native to different isolated regions: the Coton de Tuléar, a small white dog that thrived in the wilds of...
  • Smooth Toy Foxter -- Fox Terrier Smooth X Toy Fox Terrier

    Smooth Toy Foxter He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> U.S.A. -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Smooth Toy Foxter The Smooth Toy Foxter is a small dog with a big personality, and the active lifestyle typical of the Terrier breed. Crossing the Fox Terrier Smooth with the Toy Fox Terrier...
  • Bardino

    Bardino He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Canary Islands Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Bardino auténtico Bardino Majorero Perro de Majorero Perro de Ganado Verdino Majorero Canario Usage Nowadays, the Bouvier Majorero is much appreciated as a guard dog for villas, industrial estates and farms. Brief...
  • Nord Wachhund

    Nord Wachhund He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen The North Wachhund is a breed of small guard dog developed in the forests of North America. It is influenced by cattle dogs, Collies and Shepherds for drive and intelligence, the American Staffordshire Terrier and American Bulldog for strength and...
  • Longdog

    Longdog He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Longdog The Longdog is a cross between Greyhounds and other breeds, including Salukis, Scottish Deerhounds and Whippets. The cross may be made to create a dog with greater stamina or agility. Depending on the crossbreed, Longdogs...
  • Golden Labrador -- Golden Retriever X Labrador Retriever

    Golden Labrador He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> Canada -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Golden Lab Goldador Goldador Retriever A brief presentation of the Golden Labrador The Golden Labrador is a big, friendly, energetic dog that always wants to be part of the action. Highly...
  • German Hund Pointer -- German Wirehaired Pointer X Dachshund

    German Hund Pointer He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the German Hund Pointer The German Hund Pointer is a small to medium-sized hybrid, the result of a deliberate cross between the German Wirehaired Pointer, an excellent all-round hunting dog used on land and water for...
  • Froodle -- French Bulldog X Poodle

    Froodle He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin France -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Froodle The Froodle is a hybrid of the French Bulldog and the Poodle. It is recognized by the American Canine Hybrid Club. A sturdy little dog, the Froodle is pleasant and playful by nature, affectionate and devoted to its...
  • Dobsky -- Dobermann X Siberian Husky

    Dobsky He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Germany <> Siberia -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Dobsky The Dobermann and Siberian Husky cross is one of the most adorable dogs to come out of the designer dog craze. Affectionately known as the Dobsky, this breed is a unique blend of two extremely popular pure...
  • American Molossus

    American Molossus He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen Brief historical summary 5000 B.C. in a time very different from our own. A time when only the strong survived. Men were primitive by instinct, nomadic by nature, and often barbaric by choice. In those dark times, women and children prayed for...
  • English Toy Papillon -- King Charles Spaniel X Continental Toy Spaniel

    English Toy Papillon He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> France and Belgium -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the English Toy Papillon An easy, efficient and playful companion, the English Toy Papillon is a hybrid between the gentle King Charles Spaniel and the cheerful Continental Toy Spaniel...
  • Dooley Mastiff

    Dooley Mastiff He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen General appearance A breed that was created 22 years ago, the Dooley Mastiff is a breed of great character, intelligence, loyalty and kindness to family. While being a vigilant guardian, the Dooley Mastiff assesses a situation and acts accordingly. Behaviour /...
  • Coydog

    Coydog He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Dogote A brief presentation of the Coydog The Coydog is a hybrid between a Coyote and a domestic dog. It shares many characteristics with the Coyote, both in temperament and appearance. With its need for affection and care, it is...
  • Chuvasz -- Chow Chow X Kuvasz

    Chuvasz He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin China <> Hungary -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Ku-Chow A brief presentation of the Chuvasz The Chuvasz is a cross between a Chow Chow and a Kuvasz. This breed is independent, reserved and protective. However, with proper socialization, the Chuvasz can be a...
  • Cardigan Pembroke Corgi -- Welsh Corgi Cardigan X Welsh Corgi Pembroke

    Cardigan Pembroke Corgi He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Cardigan Pembroke Corgi The Cardigan Pembroke Corgi is a hybrid developed by breeding the Welsh Corgi Cardigan with the Welsh Corgi Pembroke. Not much information is available on the hybrid, but...
  • Bullboxer Staffy Bull -- Staffordshire Bull Terrier X Boxer

    Bullboxer Staffy Bull He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Bullboxer Staffy Bull The Bullboxer Staffy Bull is not a pure-bred dog. It's a cross between the Staffordshire Bull Terrier and the Boxer. The best way to determine the temperament of a mixed...
  • Boston Iggy -- Boston Terrier X Italian Sighthound

    Boston Iggy He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Italy -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Boston Iggy The Boston Iggy is a hybrid of a Boston Terrier and an Italian Sighthound. Little is known about the birth date of this hybrid breed, and it's a rare breed without much data to draw on. The Boston...
  • Bernese Water Dog -- Bernese Mountain Dog X Portuguese Water Dog

    Bernese Water Dog He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Switzerland <> Portugal -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Bernese Water Dog Many people like larger dogs. Bernese Water Dogs crossed with Standard Poodles have worked very well. We thought: Why not offer a more suitable combination to designers? What...
  • Australian Pyrenean Shepherd -- Australian Shepherd X Pyrenean Mountain Dog

    Australian Pyrenean Shepherd He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> France -> Australia Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Australian Pyrenean Shepherd With such similar parent breeds, the Australian Pyrenean Shepherd is the ultimate family dog. But be warned, these dogs may not be suitable for every household. Here's...
  • American Boston Bull Terrier -- American Pit Bull Terrier X Boston Terrier

    American Boston Bull Terrier He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the American Boston Bull Terrier The American Boston Bull Terrier is a new type of dog that was created 10 to 20 years ago by crossing the American Pit Bull Terrier and the Boston Terrier. It will have a...
  • Yorkie-Ton -- Yorkshire Terrier X Coton de Tulear

    Yorkie-Ton He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> Madagascar -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Yorkie-Ton A balanced blend of a long-established rat hunter and a companion dog, the Yorkshire Terrier and Coton de Tulear respectively, the Yorkie-Ton is an extremely affectionate, strong-willed...
  • Yorkie-Apso -- Yorkshire Terrier X Lhassa Apso

    Yorkie-Apso He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> Tibet -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Yorkie-Apso The Yorkie-Apso is a hybrid dog of mixed conception. It is a combination of the Yorkshire Terrier and the Lhassa Apso. This little dog is excellent company and makes a good family dog. Its...
  • Yorkie Pin -- Yorkshire Terrier X Miniature Pinscher

    Yorkie Pin He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Yorkie Pin The Yorkie Pin is a lively hybrid dog whose toy-like appearance conceals its origins as a born hunter and strategist. A rat terror, the Yorkie Pin is descended from two breeds that were...
  • Yorkeltie -- Yorkshire Terrier X Shetland Sheepdog

    Yorkeltie He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Yorkeltie The Yorkeltie is a hybrid dog of mixed conception. It is a very intelligent dog that is very busy. Walks and play are two very important aspects of his life. He's an excellent family dog who loves...