Majorca Mastiff

FCI standard Nº 249

Origin
Spain
Translation
C. Seidler
Group
Group 2 Pinscher and Schnauzer-Molossoid breeds-Swiss Mountain Cattle Dogs
Section
Section 2.1 Molossian, Mastiff type
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Saturday 21 September 1963
Publication of the official valid standard
Wednesday 11 December 1996
Last update
Friday 13 June 1997
En français, cette race se dit
Dogue de Majorque
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Mallorca Dogge
En español, esta raza se dice
Dogo Mallorquín
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Ca de Bou
In his country of origin, his name is

Perro Dogo Mallorquín

Usage

Watch and Guard Dog.

Brief historical summary

Since ancient times, seafaring from East to West in the Mediterranean region has led to the exchange of culture and science between nations. These reciprocal relations, even though mainly of a commercial nature, also gave the opportunity for an exchange of domestic animals. Amongst these were watch and guard dogs which were needed in harbours and coastal settlements as a protection against pirates and robbers coming in by sea. Amongst these mostly large, strong, resistant dogs with large heads and powerful teeth, one type distinguished itself. It was the mastiff of the Iberian Peninsula, which, in Spain, was used in various areas as a hunting or as a fighting dog against bulls and other dogs. This breed accompanied King Jacob 1 on his conquests and arrived in the Balearics about the year 1230. In the 17th century, Minorca and others areas came into British possession, following the treaty of Utrecht. The British brought their own fighting and guard dogs with them into the Balearics and crossed them with the native mastiffs of the Iberian Peninsula, which also occurred in the Balearic Isles.
In the beginning of the 18th century, fights between dogs and bulls (bull baiting) were very popular and the Britons inhabiting the Island looked for a breed which would be held suited to such fights. These circumstances explain the name “Ca de Bou”, Bull Dog. In the Spanish Stud Book for the year 1923, the existence of this breed is already established. The first official entry was in the year 1928 and in 1929, when such a breed was exhibited for the first time at a Dog Show in Barcelona.

General appearance

A typical Molossian of somewhat elongated build, strong and powerful, of medium size. The difference between the sexes is apparent in the head, whose circumference is definitely greater in dogs than in bitches.

Behaviour / temperament

Quiet by nature, he can under some circumstances be courageous and brave. He is at ease with people, faithful and devoted to his master. As a watch and guard dog, he is unsurpassed. In quiet situations, he is trusting and self assured. When roused, his expression is piercing.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Strong and massive.
Skull
Large, broad and almost square. Its circumference, specially in males, is greater than the chest measurement taken at the withers. Forehead is broad and flat. Frontal furrow well defined. Seen from the front, due to the shape of the skull, back of skull is not visible. Upper planes of skull and muzzle are almost parallel, lightly converging. 
Stop
Seen from side, strongly defined and protruding; seen from front, only noticeable because the eyebrow arches form a definite frontal furrow.

Facial region

Foreface
The jaw muscles are strong, protruding, well developed and reach to the middle region below the eye. Even though there are some folds which occur sideways over the chewing muscles, there are altogether no folds in the skin of the head.
Nose
Black and broad. The philtrum between the nostrils is well defined.
Muzzle
Set on at inner corner of eye, broad and conical, in profile reminiscent of a blunt cone with a broad base. The nasal bridge is staight, rising slightly. Length of muzzle is in proportion of 1 to 3 to length of skull.
Lips
Laterally the upper lip covers the lower lip to the middle part of the muzzle, where the corner of the mouth appears. The upper lip is rather taut, whereas the lower lip is folded in its middle part, so that in a closed muzzle, the lips are not noticeable. The completely red mucous membrane of the mouth cavity has distinct transversal ridges and the rims of the gums have black pigment.
Jaws and teeth
The jaws are strong, incisors in a correct row and canines well apart. The mouth is complete, teeth white and strong. The bite is undershot; the gap of the not exaggerated undershot bite should not be more than 1 cm. When the muzzle is closed, teeth must not be visible.
Eyes
Large, oval in shape, lids wide open, clearly outlined and slightly slanting. Colour should be as dark as possible and according to coat colour. Conjunctiva not visible. Looked at from front, white of eyes should not be visible. The eyes are deep set and far apart.
Ears
Set on high and to the sides, rather small, with inner ear opening visible and drawn backwards in a curve; it is a so called “rose ear”. In repose, the tip of the ear is below the line of the eye.

Neck

Strong, thick, in harmony to the whole. At set on, roughly the diameter of the head; fitting well into withers. Skin slightly loose; thin dewlap permitted.

Body

Loin
Short, relatively narrow, with definite arch towards croup.
Croup
1 to 2 cm higher in position than withers. Slanting to horizontal at an angle of 30 degrees and slightly narrower than chest.
Chest
The rib cage is somewhat cylindrical, deep and reaches to the elbows. As the tops of the shoulder blades are wide apart, the chest is broad at the height of the withers.
Underline and belly
The chest line runs parallel to the ground. The belly line rises and is tucked up lightly, not greyhound-like.

Tail

Low set on. Thick at root, tapering towards the tip. Hangs naturally in repose; in action it forms a slight curve and is raised to height of the top line.

Limbs

Forequarters

Shoulders
Moderately short, slightly, slanting, hardly protruding.
Upper arm
Straight, parallel, set well apart.
Elbows
Standing away from the chest because of width of breast but in no way turned out.
Forearm
Well muscled, straight, strong bone structure.
Forefeet
Strong with thick, close together, lightly rounded toes. Pads slightly pigmented.

Hindquarters

Generality
Muscles broader than in forequarters.
Upper thigh
Broad, naturally angulated.
Hock
Short, straight, strong. Dewclaws not desired.
Hind feet
Strong with thick toes which are longer than those of front feet but altogether oval in shape. Pigmented pads preferred.

Gait and movement

The typical movement of this breed is the trot.

Skin

Rather thick. Close fitting to body except on neck, where a slight dewlap may occur.

Coat

Hair
Short and rough to the touch.
Colour
Brindle, fawn and black, preference in this order. In brindle dogs, dark tones are preferred, in fawn, the deeper shade is preferred. White patches are permitted on front feet, on chest and on muzzle up to a maximum of 30% of the whole coat. A black mask is also permitted.

Size and weight

Height at withers
For dogs : from 55 to 58 cm. For bitches : from 52 to 55 cm.
Weight
In dogs the weight ranges from 35 to 38 kg. In bitches the weight ranges from 30 to 34 kg.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

Serious faults

 Dogs which are taller at withers than their height at croup.
 Undershot by more than 1 cm.
 Scissor or pincer bite.
 Lack of two premolars.
 Lack of rose ears, ears which lie flat, close to cheeks.
 Ears set on erect, even if the back third is the shape of a rose ear.
 Tail shaped like a Bulldog’s.
 Any other serious fault according to the standard.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy.
 Overshot mouth.
 Light or yellow eyes.
 Cropped ears or docked tail.
 White colour which takes up more than 30% of the whole body elsewhere than on front legs, chest and muzzle.
 Patches of any other colour.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

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