Miniature American Shepherd

FCI standard Nº 367

Origin
United States of America
Under the patronage of Hungary
Group
Group 1 Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs)
Section
Section 1 Shepherd Dogs
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a provisional basis by the FCI
Wednesday 04 September 2019
Publication of the official valid standard
Wednesday 04 September 2019
En français, cette race se dit
Berger Miniature Américain
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Miniatur Amerikanischer Schäferhund
En español, esta raza se dice
Pastor Miniatura Americano
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Miniatuur Amerikaanse herder

Usage

As the name suggests, he is a shepherd dog. He can work on herds of farm animals (sheep, cows, horses).

Brief historical summary

The story of the Australian mini obviously starts with that of the Australian Shepherd Standard, which despite its name is not native to Australia but would be Basque and the country of development North America. When the Merino sheep breed was imported to Australia, the Spaniards and Basques brought their dogs, Pyrenean Shepherd and Catalan. After their arrival on this continent there were marriages with the other races already present. They emigrated to America at the time of the Gold Rush or their dogs made a strong impression on American farms. Their qualities and their ability to work on the sheep made them quickly popular and it did not take long for the farmers to understand the potential of these small dogs, that they married with the different breeds of sheepdogs that were already present on the territory. Jay Sisler from Idaho then made them famous throughout the United States during his rodeo demonstrations during which he showed a show of learned dogs. He acquired in 1939 his first blue dog: Keno, his first blue dog, was also of unknown origin; these two dogs produced Shorty and Stub, who became the stars of the Sisler show. In fact, the Disney studios dedicated two films to them: "The world's greatest cow dog" and "Run appaloosa run".
The Sislers made few litters but contributed greatly to the development of the modern Australian Shepherd. Shorty had a big lineage, he had an excellent blue merle type, a huge capacity to work, and was the star of Sisler for years, still today we can find him among the ancestors in many pedigrees. The breed continued to grow and the guy improved to look like the Australian Shepherd we know.

General appearance

The Miniature American Shepherd is a small sheepdog from the United States of America. It is slightly longer than tall with a moderate bone structure in proportion to the size and weight of his body without extremes. His movements are fluid, easy and balanced. His exceptional agility combined with strength and endurance allow him to work on a wide variety of terrains. This very versatile and energetic dog is an excellent athlete with great intelligence and a willingness to please those to whom he is dedicated. He is both a faithful companion and a docile worker. His expression is attentive. The coat hairs, of medium length and texture, may be of solid color or merle with or without whiteness, with or without fires. It has traditionally no tail, shortened or natural short tail.
A solid construction with a medium frame in relation to its size and weight. The structure of the dog reflects masculinity without being too coarse for males. Females appear feminine without being too light. The overall structure gives an impression of strength without exaggeration.

Important proportions

The length, measured from the tip of the sternum to the tip of the buttock, is slightly greater than the height, measured from the top of the withers to the ground.

Behaviour / temperament

The Miniature American Shepherd is a smart working dog. He has a pronounced instinct for the conduct and care of herds. It is an exceptional companion, versatile and very easy to educate. Although reserved with strangers he is not shy. He is an energetic and enduring worker who adjusts his behavior and displays appropriate excitement for the task he has to perform. With his family he is protective, devoted and faithful.

Head

Cranial region

Head
The head must be clearly drawn and in proportion with the body of the dog. The expression is alert, attentive and intelligent. The dog can express a reserved and / or vigilant look towards foreigners.
Skull
The skull is flat or slightly domed and may show a slight occipital protuberance. The width and length of the skull are equal. 
Stop
The stop is moderate but defined.

Facial region

Nose
The truffle is liver pigmentation for red or red merle and black subjects for black or blue merle subjects. Fully pigmented truffle is preferred.
Muzzle
It fades a little from the truffle base and is rounded at the end. The muzzle length is equal to that of the profile skull. The upper line of the skull and the line of the chamfer are slightly oblique to each other, with the upper line of the skull forming a slight angle downwards.
Jaws and teeth
The toothing must be complete and in scissors. Dogs with broken, missing or accidentally discolored teeth will not be penalized.
Eyes
The eyes are obliquely implanted, almond-shaped, neither projecting nor sunken and in proportion with the head. Whatever the color of the dress, all the colors of eyes are admitted. Eyes, speckles and mottling are allowed. The edge of the eyelid has liver pigmentation for red or red merle subjects and black pigmentation for black or blue merle subjects.
Ears
The ears are triangular, of medium size, attached to the top of the head. When the dog is attentive, they fold backwards or to the side, in pink.

Neck

The neck is solid and in proportion with the body, it is of medium length and slightly curved. The neck fits well between the shoulders.

Body

Body
The body is firm and well muscled but without exaggeration.
Back
Firm and straight in static as in motion.
Loin
Strong and wide seen from above.
Croup
Moderately inclined.
Chest
The chest is full and deep. She reaches the elbow with well curved ribs.
Underline and belly
Moderately raised.

Tail

It has traditionally no tail, shortened or natural short tail. The long uncut tail can form a slight curve when the dog is at rest. When the dog is moving it can be worn with a slightly more pronounced curve.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
The forelegs are well muscled and balanced with the hindquarters.
Shoulders
The shoulders are long, flat, fairly close at the withers and well inclined.
Upper arm
The humerus should be the same length as the scapula and form with it a right angle.
Elbows
The elbow joint is equidistant from the floor and tourniquet. Elbows must be near the ribs.
Forearm
They are straight and strong. The bone is oval rather than round.
Pastern
The metacarpuses are short, thick and strong but still flexible, showing a slight angle seen from the side.
Forefeet
The feet are oval, compact, with tight fingers. The toes are well arched. The pads are thick and elastic. The nails are short and hard. The lugs can be removed in countries that allow the practice.

Hindquarters

Generality
The width of the hindquarters is equal to that of the front hand at the shoulders. The angle, approximately right, formed by the scapula and the humerus corresponds to that formed by the pelvis and the thigh.
Stifle
The stifles are clearly drawn.
Hock
Hocks are short, perpendicular to the ground and parallel to each other as seen from behind.
Hind feet
The feet are oval, compact, with tight fingers. The toes are well arched. The pads are thick and elastic. The nails are short and hard. The lugs can be removed in countries that allow the practice.

Gait and movement

The paces are fluid, clear and easy. The American mini shepherd shows a great ease in his movements with well covered strides. The forelimb and hind limb move in planes parallel to the median axis. As the speed increases, the front and rear feet converge towards the median plane while the top remains firm and horizontal. The Miniature American Shepherd must be agile and able to change course and pace instantly.

Coat

Hair
The hair is of medium texture and length, straight to wavy. The undercoat varies according to the seasons. The hair is short and smooth on the head and front of the forelegs. The back of the forelegs and panties are moderately provided. Mane and crop are more marked in males than in females. The ears, feet, back of the hocks and tail can be groomed. The dog must be presented with a natural hair.
Colour
The colors are varied and unique. In no order of preference, recognized colors are black, red, blue merle and red merle. The blackbird will be exposed with any amount of mottling, speckles or spots. The undercoat may be a bit lighter than the coat hair. Asymmetric marks are not a defect.
Fire (tan) marks are not required. When present, they are permitted in the following places: around the eyes, on the feet, on the legs, under the neck, on the face, on the underside of the ear, under the base of the tail, and panties. They can also emphasize the bottom line. The hue of the "fire" marks can vary from a creamy beige to a black red, without preference.
White marks are not mandatory and must not be invasive. They are limited to the mouth, cheeks, skull, neck, with a partial or complete collar, chest, belly, front and back limbs until the end of the hock. The tip of the tail may be white. The eyes must be surrounded entirely by color. Eyes in the white are forbidden. The ears should preferably be completely covered with colored hair. If there is white on the ear, it should not be more than 25% on one ear.

Size and weight

Height at withers
The size for males should be between 35,5 cm and 45,5 cm at the withers.
The size for females must be between 33 cm and 43 cm at the withers.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

Serious faults

 Ears dangling or fully erect.
 25 to 50% of the unpigmented truffle.
 Atypical hairs.
 White marks covering more than 25% of the surface of the ears.
 The hair roots of a white collar protruding from the withers.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or shy dog.
 Lack of type.
 Size at the withers outside the limits of the standard: less than 35,5 cm and more than 45,5 for males, less than 33 cm and more than 43 cm for females.
 More than 50% of the unpigmented truffle.
 Non-compliant color, other than those allowed by the standard.
 Color of the mucous membranes does not conform with the dress.
 Eyelids not pigmented.
 Eyes not completely in color.
 White tasks elsewhere than where specified in the standard.
 Prognathism lower or higher.
 Cryptorchid or monorchid dog.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

No comments

The latest updated breeds

  • Korat

    Korat Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Korat is a breed of cat native to Thailand. This small cat is characterized by its blue coat and green eyes. A brief historical overview The Tamra Meow, or Book of Cat Poems, is a richly illustrated Thai collection of verses written between 1350 and 1767, describing seventeen different cats, some...
  • Khao Manee

    Khao Manee Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Khao Manee is a breed of cat native to Thailand. This cat is characterized by its white shorthair coat. Its eyes can be yellow, blue or mint. Standard Official recognition of the Khao Manee is underway, notably through TICA and GCCF. It has been possible to register adult and juvenile Khao...
  • Himalayen

    Himalayen Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Himalayen, also known as the colorpoint or colorpoint (US), is a cat breed originating in the United States. In some European countries, this breed does not exist and is considered a coat of the Persian. A brief historical overview The Himalayen is a colorpoint Persian. These Persians are...
  • Highland Fold

    Highland Fold Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Highland Fold is a breed of cat originally from Scotland. The name Highland Fold is given to the shorthair variety. A brief historical overview The first known specimen of a cat with folded ears is Susie, a cat living on a farm north of Dundee in Scotland. She was discovered in 1961 by...
  • Scottish Fold

    Scottish Fold Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Scottish Fold is a breed of cat originally from Scotland. The name Scottish Fold is given to the shorthair variety. A brief historical overview The first known specimen of a cat with folded ears is Susie, a cat living on a farm north of Dundee in Scotland. She was discovered in 1961 by...
  • Highlander

    Highlander Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Highlander is a breed of cat that originated in the United States. The Highlander is a recent breed and still very rare. A brief historical overview Descended from hybrid breeds, the Highlander is a magnificent feline reminiscent of the Lynx.The Highlander is a recent and still very rare...
  • Havana brown

    Havana brown Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Havana brown, also known as the Swiss Mountain cat or Chestnut Oriental Shorthair, is a cat breed originally from Great Britain. This cat is characterized by its chocolate-colored shorthair coat. A brief historical overview The ancestors of the Havana brown existed in the kingdom of Siam...
  • German rex

    German rex Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The German rex is a breed of cat that originated in East Prussia (now Baltic Russia). This medium-sized cat is characterized by its short, wavy and very soft coat. A brief historical overview The German rex is thought to be the first breed of cat with curly or wavy hair. The first subject was...
  • Exotic shorthair

    Exotic shorthair Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Exotic shorthair or simply Exotic is a cat breed originating in the United States. The result of an attempt by American breeders to improve the American shorthair in the 1950s, the Exotic shorthair was recognized as a breed in its own right in the 1960s. A brief historical overview n the...
  • European shorthair

    European shorthair Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The European shorthair, also known as the Européen or Celtic shorthair, is a breed of cat originating in Europe, the ennobled representative of the common cats of Europe. The breed is popular in Scandinavian countries, where it is appreciated as a natural breed, never polluted by...
  • Donskoy

    Donskoy Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Donskoy, also known as Don Sphynx and Sphynx du Don, Don Hairless, originated in Rostov-on-Don, Russia. The Donskoy remains very rare. In France, 57 pedigrees were issued between 2003 and 2014. A brief historical overview The discovery of the Donskoy dates back to 1987, when a schoolteacher...
  • Devon rex

    Devon rex Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Devon rex is a cat breed originating in the United Kingdom. The Devon rex is characterized by a conical head, marked by high cheekbones, a short muzzle and large ears. A brief historical overview In the 1960s, a harecat with curly fur was spotted in an abandoned tin mine near Buckfastleigh in...
  • Cymric

    Cymric Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Cymric is a cat breed from the Isle of Man (British Isles). This cat is the semi-long-haired variety of the Manx, which has the particularity of not having a tail. A brief historical overview Like the Manx, the Cymric originated on the British Isle of Man. As the island's cat population was...
  • Colorpoint shorthair

    Colorpoint shorthair Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Colorpoint Shorthair is a cat breed originally from Thailand. This medium-sized cat is characterized by its colorpoint coat and blue eyes. A brief historical overview The origins of the Colorpoint Shorthair are the same as those of the Siamese, since it is the same breed.The breed is said to...
  • Chantilly

    Chantilly Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Chantilly is a semi-long-haired cat breed created in the United States in the 1960s from two kittens of undetermined breed. On the brink of extinction in the 1980s, breeding was revived in Canada. The breed remains very rare and is only recognized by a few North American federations, mostly on an...
  • California Spangled

    California Spangled Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Californian Spangled is a breed of cat native to the United States. This endangered cat is characterized by its leopard-like spotted tabby coat. A brief historical overview Paul Casey, an American screenwriter, created the breed in 1970. He had just returned from a trip to Africa and wanted a...
  • Brazilian shorthair

    Brazilian shorthair Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Brazilian shorthair, also known as the Pelo Curto Brasileiro, is a breed of cat native to Brazil. This medium-sized cat is characterized by the fact that it is the first internationally recognized Brazilian breed and is extremely rare. Standard The current standard published by the...
  • Japanese Bobtail

    Japanese Bobtail Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Japanese Bobtail is a breed of cat native to Japan. This cat is characterized by its short, curled tail. A brief historical overview The breed, when tortoiseshell and white, is known as the Mi-ké (three hairs = three colors) in its native Japan, where it is considered a symbol of...
  • Kuril Bobtail

    Kuril Bobtail Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Kuril Bobtail is a cat breed from the Kuril Islands in Russia. This cat is characterized by its very short pom-pom tail, the result of a natural mutation. The breed exists in shorthair and longhair varieties. A brief historical overview This natural breed originated on the Kuril Islands, on the...
  • Russian blue

    Russian blue Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Russian Blue or Russian is a cat breed with controversial origins, usually considered a natural breed that originated in cold countries such as Russia and Scandinavia. Often described as a calm breed that is very attached to its master, the Russian Blue is well suited to life in an...