Miniature American Shepherd

FCI standard Nº 367

Origin
United States of America
Under the patronage of Hungary
Group
Group 1 Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs)
Section
Section 1 Shepherd Dogs
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a provisional basis by the FCI
Wednesday 04 September 2019
Publication of the official valid standard
Wednesday 04 September 2019
En français, cette race se dit
Berger Miniature Américain
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Miniatur Amerikanischer Schäferhund
En español, esta raza se dice
Pastor Miniatura Americano
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Miniatuur Amerikaanse herder

Usage

As the name suggests, he is a shepherd dog. He can work on herds of farm animals (sheep, cows, horses).

Brief historical summary

The story of the Australian mini obviously starts with that of the Australian Shepherd Standard, which despite its name is not native to Australia but would be Basque and the country of development North America. When the Merino sheep breed was imported to Australia, the Spaniards and Basques brought their dogs, Pyrenean Shepherd and Catalan. After their arrival on this continent there were marriages with the other races already present. They emigrated to America at the time of the Gold Rush or their dogs made a strong impression on American farms. Their qualities and their ability to work on the sheep made them quickly popular and it did not take long for the farmers to understand the potential of these small dogs, that they married with the different breeds of sheepdogs that were already present on the territory. Jay Sisler from Idaho then made them famous throughout the United States during his rodeo demonstrations during which he showed a show of learned dogs. He acquired in 1939 his first blue dog: Keno, his first blue dog, was also of unknown origin; these two dogs produced Shorty and Stub, who became the stars of the Sisler show. In fact, the Disney studios dedicated two films to them: "The world's greatest cow dog" and "Run appaloosa run".
The Sislers made few litters but contributed greatly to the development of the modern Australian Shepherd. Shorty had a big lineage, he had an excellent blue merle type, a huge capacity to work, and was the star of Sisler for years, still today we can find him among the ancestors in many pedigrees. The breed continued to grow and the guy improved to look like the Australian Shepherd we know.

General appearance

The Miniature American Shepherd is a small sheepdog from the United States of America. It is slightly longer than tall with a moderate bone structure in proportion to the size and weight of his body without extremes. His movements are fluid, easy and balanced. His exceptional agility combined with strength and endurance allow him to work on a wide variety of terrains. This very versatile and energetic dog is an excellent athlete with great intelligence and a willingness to please those to whom he is dedicated. He is both a faithful companion and a docile worker. His expression is attentive. The coat hairs, of medium length and texture, may be of solid color or merle with or without whiteness, with or without fires. It has traditionally no tail, shortened or natural short tail.
A solid construction with a medium frame in relation to its size and weight. The structure of the dog reflects masculinity without being too coarse for males. Females appear feminine without being too light. The overall structure gives an impression of strength without exaggeration.

Important proportions

The length, measured from the tip of the sternum to the tip of the buttock, is slightly greater than the height, measured from the top of the withers to the ground.

Behaviour / temperament

The Miniature American Shepherd is a smart working dog. He has a pronounced instinct for the conduct and care of herds. It is an exceptional companion, versatile and very easy to educate. Although reserved with strangers he is not shy. He is an energetic and enduring worker who adjusts his behavior and displays appropriate excitement for the task he has to perform. With his family he is protective, devoted and faithful.

Head

Cranial region

Head
The head must be clearly drawn and in proportion with the body of the dog. The expression is alert, attentive and intelligent. The dog can express a reserved and / or vigilant look towards foreigners.
Skull
The skull is flat or slightly domed and may show a slight occipital protuberance. The width and length of the skull are equal. 
Stop
The stop is moderate but defined.

Facial region

Nose
The truffle is liver pigmentation for red or red merle and black subjects for black or blue merle subjects. Fully pigmented truffle is preferred.
Muzzle
It fades a little from the truffle base and is rounded at the end. The muzzle length is equal to that of the profile skull. The upper line of the skull and the line of the chamfer are slightly oblique to each other, with the upper line of the skull forming a slight angle downwards.
Jaws and teeth
The toothing must be complete and in scissors. Dogs with broken, missing or accidentally discolored teeth will not be penalized.
Eyes
The eyes are obliquely implanted, almond-shaped, neither projecting nor sunken and in proportion with the head. Whatever the color of the dress, all the colors of eyes are admitted. Eyes, speckles and mottling are allowed. The edge of the eyelid has liver pigmentation for red or red merle subjects and black pigmentation for black or blue merle subjects.
Ears
The ears are triangular, of medium size, attached to the top of the head. When the dog is attentive, they fold backwards or to the side, in pink.

Neck

The neck is solid and in proportion with the body, it is of medium length and slightly curved. The neck fits well between the shoulders.

Body

Body
The body is firm and well muscled but without exaggeration.
Back
Firm and straight in static as in motion.
Loin
Strong and wide seen from above.
Croup
Moderately inclined.
Chest
The chest is full and deep. She reaches the elbow with well curved ribs.
Underline and belly
Moderately raised.

Tail

It has traditionally no tail, shortened or natural short tail. The long uncut tail can form a slight curve when the dog is at rest. When the dog is moving it can be worn with a slightly more pronounced curve.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
The forelegs are well muscled and balanced with the hindquarters.
Shoulders
The shoulders are long, flat, fairly close at the withers and well inclined.
Upper arm
The humerus should be the same length as the scapula and form with it a right angle.
Elbows
The elbow joint is equidistant from the floor and tourniquet. Elbows must be near the ribs.
Forearm
They are straight and strong. The bone is oval rather than round.
Pastern
The metacarpuses are short, thick and strong but still flexible, showing a slight angle seen from the side.
Forefeet
The feet are oval, compact, with tight fingers. The toes are well arched. The pads are thick and elastic. The nails are short and hard. The lugs can be removed in countries that allow the practice.

Hindquarters

Generality
The width of the hindquarters is equal to that of the front hand at the shoulders. The angle, approximately right, formed by the scapula and the humerus corresponds to that formed by the pelvis and the thigh.
Stifle
The stifles are clearly drawn.
Hock
Hocks are short, perpendicular to the ground and parallel to each other as seen from behind.
Hind feet
The feet are oval, compact, with tight fingers. The toes are well arched. The pads are thick and elastic. The nails are short and hard. The lugs can be removed in countries that allow the practice.

Gait and movement

The paces are fluid, clear and easy. The American mini shepherd shows a great ease in his movements with well covered strides. The forelimb and hind limb move in planes parallel to the median axis. As the speed increases, the front and rear feet converge towards the median plane while the top remains firm and horizontal. The Miniature American Shepherd must be agile and able to change course and pace instantly.

Coat

Hair
The hair is of medium texture and length, straight to wavy. The undercoat varies according to the seasons. The hair is short and smooth on the head and front of the forelegs. The back of the forelegs and panties are moderately provided. Mane and crop are more marked in males than in females. The ears, feet, back of the hocks and tail can be groomed. The dog must be presented with a natural hair.
Colour
The colors are varied and unique. In no order of preference, recognized colors are black, red, blue merle and red merle. The blackbird will be exposed with any amount of mottling, speckles or spots. The undercoat may be a bit lighter than the coat hair. Asymmetric marks are not a defect.
Fire (tan) marks are not required. When present, they are permitted in the following places: around the eyes, on the feet, on the legs, under the neck, on the face, on the underside of the ear, under the base of the tail, and panties. They can also emphasize the bottom line. The hue of the "fire" marks can vary from a creamy beige to a black red, without preference.
White marks are not mandatory and must not be invasive. They are limited to the mouth, cheeks, skull, neck, with a partial or complete collar, chest, belly, front and back limbs until the end of the hock. The tip of the tail may be white. The eyes must be surrounded entirely by color. Eyes in the white are forbidden. The ears should preferably be completely covered with colored hair. If there is white on the ear, it should not be more than 25% on one ear.

Size and weight

Height at withers
The size for males should be between 35,5 cm and 45,5 cm at the withers.
The size for females must be between 33 cm and 43 cm at the withers.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

Serious faults

 Ears dangling or fully erect.
 25 to 50% of the unpigmented truffle.
 Atypical hairs.
 White marks covering more than 25% of the surface of the ears.
 The hair roots of a white collar protruding from the withers.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or shy dog.
 Lack of type.
 Size at the withers outside the limits of the standard: less than 35,5 cm and more than 45,5 for males, less than 33 cm and more than 43 cm for females.
 More than 50% of the unpigmented truffle.
 Non-compliant color, other than those allowed by the standard.
 Color of the mucous membranes does not conform with the dress.
 Eyelids not pigmented.
 Eyes not completely in color.
 White tasks elsewhere than where specified in the standard.
 Prognathism lower or higher.
 Cryptorchid or monorchid dog.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

No comments

No comments

Nobody has submitted a comment yet.

Last updated articles

  • Border-Aussie -- Border Collie X Australian Shepherd

    Border-Aussie He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> U.S.A. -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as AussieollieAustralian Collie Dog A brief presentation of the Border-Aussie The Border Collie and Australian Shepherd share many similarities, two extremely intelligent and capable breeds that can be trained...
  • Bo-Dach -- Boston Terrier X Dachshund

    Bo-Dach He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Bo-Dach Both the Boston Terrier and the Dachshund have a unique and distinctive appearance, while their offspring, the Bo-Dach, can vary in appearance. In general, they are sturdy little dogs with large...
  • Affenchon -- Affenpinscher X Bichon frise

    Affenchon He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Germany <> France / Belgium -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Affenchon The Affenchon is a cross between the Affenpinscher and the Bichon Frise. Both dogs are small and don't shed much, so your Affenchon will be the same. Other characteristics this dog will...
  • Zuchon -- Shih Tzu X Bichon frise

    Zuchon He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Tibet <> France / Belgium -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as ShichonTeddy BearShichon-Teddy BearTzu FriseBichonTzuRag DollShih-Chon A brief presentation of the Zuchon The Zuchon is a small, teddy-bear-like dog that will fill your life with love. Their average...
  • Yorwich -- Yorkshire Terrier X Norwich Terrier

    Yorwich He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Yorwich The Yorwich is a small, shaggy dog resulting from the crossing of a Yorkshire Terrier and a Norwich Terrier. This hybrid weighs between 2.5 and 3.5 kilos, and stands 23 to 25.5 centimeters tall. Its coat is...
  • Yorkinese --Yorkshire Terrier X Pekingese

    Yorkinese He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> China -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Yorkinese Like its parent breeds, the Yorkshire Terrier and Pekingese, the Yorkinese is a small dog with a huge personality and the coat to match. Unlike many other toy dog breeds, Yorkinese are actually...
  • Yorkillon -- Yorkshire Terrier X Continental Toy Spaniel

    Yorkillon He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> France and Belgium -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Yorkillon Beauty, grace and lots of cuteness, the Yorkillon is a dog you'll want to keep by your side for a long time. He's got style, class and a lot of sass, but you'll let him because of...
  • Yorkipoo -- Yorkshire Terrier X Poodle

    Yorkipoo He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> France -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as YoodleYorkapooYorkerpooYorkiepoodleYorkiedoodle A brief presentation of the Yorkipoo With the pedigree of a showman and the heart of a true companion, the Yorkipoo has made waves as a designer dog that's...
  • Yorkie Russell -- Yorkshire Terrier X Jack Russell Terrier

    Yorkie Russell He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> Australia -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Yorkie Russell A lively mix of two of England's oldest working Terriers, the Yorkshire Terrier and the Jack Russell Terrier, the Yorkie Russell is an energetic little dog with a big personality...
  • Yoranian -- Yorkshire Terrier X German Toy Spitz / Pomeranian

    Yoranian He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Germany <> Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Yorkie Pom A brief presentation of the Yoranian Yoranian is a hybrid blend. It is often referred to as the Yorkie Pom. This little dog measures just 15 to 25.5 centimeters at the shoulders and weighs 1.5...
  • Yo-Chon -- Yorkshire Terrier X Bichon frise

    Yo-Chon He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> France / Belgium -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Yo-Chon A cross between a Yorkshire Terrier and a Bichon Frise, the Yo-Chon is a lively little dog with a fun-loving personality. They thrive around people and don't want to spend too much time...
  • Westiepoo -- West Highland White Terrier X Poodle

    Westiepoo He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> France -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as WestiedoodleWee-Poo A brief presentation of the Westiepoo Small, adorable and too cute for words, the Westiepoo is one of the original specific crossbreed dogs and is now a popular pet choice. Blending the...
  • Welsh Shepherd Dog

    Welsh Shepherd Dog He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Welsh CollieCi Defaid Cymreig A brief presentation of the Welsh Shepherd Dog The Welsh Shepherd Dog is a rare breed that has existed in one form or another for at least 800 years. Kept almost exclusively as a...
  • Welsh Hound

    Welsh Hound He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain, U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Welsh FoxhoundWelsh Bytheuad A brief presentation of the Welsh Hound As its name suggests, the Welsh Hound is a hunting dog with a strong attachment to Wales. A true hunting dog, the Welsh Hound is a working...
  • Weimardoodle -- Weimaraner X Poodle

    Weimardoodle He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Germany <> France -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as WeimarpooWeimaranerpooWeimaranerdoodle A brief presentation of the Weimardoodle The Weimardoodle is a hybrid dog developed by crossing a Weimaraner with a Poodle. They are medium to large in size. They weigh...
  • Weeranian -- West Highland White Terrier X German Toy Spitz / Pomeranian

    Weeranian He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Pom WestieWeeranian Terrier A brief presentation of the Weeranian The Weeranian is a hybrid dog. Its parent breeds are the West Highland White Terrier and the Spitz Toy / Pomeranian. Weeranians are...
  • Wee-Chon -- West Highland White Terrier X Bichon frise

    Wee-Chon He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> France / Belgium -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Highland FriseWestie BichonWestion A brief presentation of the Wee-Chon The Wee-Chon is a small, teddy-bear-looking dog born of a cross between a West Highland White Terrier and a Bichon Frise...
  • Vizsla Staff -- Hungarian short haired pointer X American Staffordshire Terrier

    Vizsla Staff He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Hungary <> U.S.A. -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Vizsla Staff The Vizsla Staff is the result of a cross between the Hungarian Shorthaired Pointer and the American Staffordshire Terrier. It's an athletic dog with lots of energy and a jovial personality...
  • Vizmaraner -- Hungarian short haired pointer X Weimaraner

    Vizmaraner He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Hungary <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Vizmaraner The Vizmaraner is a magnificent dog descended from a long line of hunting and trapping ancestors. Its short, smooth coat means it enjoys the water, while its unwavering devotion and loyalty make it...
  • Basque Ratier

    Basque Ratier He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Spain Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Basque Ratier The Basque Ratier is as elusive as a ghost, as insubstantial as a shadow. And that's not just poetic license, for this once-common working dog is now in a critical state of preservation. What does that mean? It means...
  • Texas Heeler -- Australian Cattle Dog X Australian Shepherd

    Texas Heeler He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> U.S.A. -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Texas Heeler The Texas Heeler is a hybrid dog. Its parent breeds are the Australian Cattle Dog and the Australian Shepherd Dog. It's a friendly dog, but it's also very protective of its family. More...
  • Terri-Poo -- Australian Terrier X Poodle

    Terri-Poo He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Australia <> France -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Terri-Poo This designer dog is a cute creation resulting from crossing an Australian Terrier with a Poodle. As the Poodle comes in three sizes (toy, miniature and standard), the size of the Terri-Poo varies...
  • Stephens Cur

    Stephens Cur He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Stephens Stock Mountain CurStephens StockStephens Stock Cur A brief presentation of the Stephens Cur The Stephens Cur is a medium-weight scent hound weighing between 20 and 25 kilos. Originating in southeastern Kentucky from...
  • Saint Berdoodle -- St. Bernard X Poodle

    Saint Berdoodle He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Switzerland <> France -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Saint Berdoodle A large breed with a dense, wavy coat, the Saint Berdoodle is a cross between the calm, docile Saint Bernard and the intelligent, hypoallergenic Poodle. These guys will most often...
  • Sprocker Spaniel -- English Springer Spaniel X English Cocker Spaniel

    Sprocker Spaniel He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Sprocker Spaniel As the Springer Spaniel and Cocker Spaniel were the same breed not so long ago, by breeding them together to create the Sprocker Spaniel, it would seem we've come full circle. Known for...