Pug

FCI standard Nº 253

Origin
China, patronage Great Britain
Group
Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs
Section
Section 11 Small Molossian type dogs
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Friday 04 November 1966
Publication of the official valid standard
Wednesday 13 October 2010
Last update
Thursday 07 September 2023
En français, cette race se dit
Carlin
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Mops
En español, esta raza se dice
Doguillo
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Mopshond

Usage

Companion Dog.

Brief historical summary

A certain amount of speculation has taken place regarding the origin of this breed, which would seem to have come from the Orient. His home country is listed as China, where snub-nosed dogs have always been in favour.
He found his way to Europe with traders of the Dutch East India Company and as far back as the 1500s was being admired in the Netherlands. In fact, the Pug became the symbol for the royal patriots.
The Pug arrived in England when William III came to the throne. Until 1877 the breed was seen here only in fawn but in that year a black pair was introduced from the Orient.

General appearance

Decidedly square and cobby, it is "multum in parvo" shown in compactness of form, well knit proportions and hardness of muscle, but never to appear either low on legs, nor lean and leggy.

Important proportions

Decidedly square and cobby.

Behaviour / temperament

Great charm, dignity and intelligence. Even-tempered, happy and lively disposition.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Relatively large and in proportion to body, round, not apple-headed.
Skull
With no indentation. Wrinkles on forehead clearly defined without exaggeration. 

Facial region

Nose
Black with fairly large well opened nostrils. Pinched nostrils and heavy over nose wrinkle is unacceptable and should be heavily penalised.
Muzzle
Relatively short, blunt, square, not upfaced. Eyes or nose never adversely affected or obscured by over nose wrinkle.
Jaws and teeth
Slightly undershot. Wide lower jaw with incisors almost in a straight line. Wry mouth, teeth or tongue showing all highly undesirable and should be heavily penalised.
Eyes
Dark, relatively large, round in shape, soft and solicitous in expression, very lustrous, and when excited, full of fire. Never protruding, exaggerated or showing white when looking straight ahead. Free from obvious eye problems.
Ears
Thin, small, soft like black velvet. Two kinds – "Rose ear" - small drop-ear which folds over and back to reveal the burr. "Button ear" - ear flap folding forward, tip lying close to skull to cover opening. Preference given to latter.

Neck

Slightly arched to resemble a crest, strong, thick with enough length to carry head proudly.

Body

Body
Short and cobby.
Topline
Level, neither roached nor dipping. Should be hard of muscle. Substance must not be confused with obesity which is highly undesirable
Chest
Broad in chest.
Ribs
Ribs well sprung and carried well back.

Tail

High-set, tightly curled over hip. Double curl highly desirable.

Limbs

Forequarters

Shoulders
Well sloped.
Forearm
Legs very strong, straight, of moderate length, and well under body.

Hindquarters

Generality
Legs very strong, of moderate length, well under body, straight and parallel when viewed from rear.
Stifle
With good turn of stifle.

Feet

Neither so long as the foot of the hare, nor so round as that of the cat; well split up toes; the nails black.

Gait and movement

Viewed from in front should rise and fall with legs well under shoulder, feet keeping directly to front, not turning in or out. From behind action just as true. Using forelegs strongly putting them well forward with hindlegs moving freely and using stifles well. A slight roll of hindquarters typifies gait. Capable of purposeful and steady movement.

Coat

Hair
Fine, smooth, soft, short and glossy, neither harsh nor woolly.
Colour
Silver, apricot, fawn or black. Each clearly defined, to make contrast complete between colour, trace (black line extending from occiput to tail) and mask. Markings clearly defined. Muzzle or mask, ears, moles on cheeks, thumb mark or diamond on forehead and trace as black as possible.

Size and weight

Weight
Ideal weight 6.3 - 8.1 kgs. Should be hard of muscle but substance must not be confused with overweight.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

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