Pumi

FCI standard Nº 56

Origin
Hungary
Translation
Mrs C. Seidler and Mrs Elke Peper
Group
Group 1 Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs)
Section
Section 1 Sheepdog
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Wednesday 11 August 1954
Publication of the official valid standard
Sunday 04 June 2000
Last update
Wednesday 13 September 2000
En français, cette race se dit
Pumi
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Pumi
En español, esta raza se dice
Pumi
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Pumi

Usage

Herding dog of Terrier type. Also suitable for herding larger types of animals. His scenting ability is well developed. Has excellently proved his worth when combatting wild beasts of prey and rodents. Excellent house pet, can definitely be kept indoors. Needs plenty of exercise. Is an excellent companion and sporting dog.

Brief historical summary

The Pumi came into being during the 17th to the 18th century in Hungary by crossbreeding the primitive Puli with imported German and French dogs of Terrier type with prick ears. It has been recognised as an independent breed at the beginning of the 20th century.

General appearance

The Pumi is a cheerful, medium sized herding dog of Terrier type. His Terrier character is most obvious in his head. The foreface is elongated and the upper third of the otherwise prick ears is bending forward. The conformation is square. Because of his constant alertness, his neck carriage is higher than normal. The wavy coat of medium length forms curls. The Pumi can have various colours but must always be of one solid colour.

Important proportions

The body length is equal to the height at the withers.
The depth of the brisket is slightly less than half of the height at the withers.
The length of the muzzle is slightly less than half of the total length of the head.
The length of the neck is equal to the length of the head and is 45 % of the height at the withers.

Behaviour / temperament

This rather lively herding dog has a restless temperament. Extremely bold, a little suspicious towards strangers. As a result of his sensible behaviour, his liveliness and his expressiveness, he attracts attention always and everywhere. The Pumi is rather noisy. His whole appearance embodies thirst for action and because of his restlessness and activity, all parts of his body are constantly on the move. He is always active and ready for duty. A shy or phlegmatic behaviour are untypical of the breed.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Relatively long and narrow. The shape of the head is characterised by the elongated muzzle.
Skull
The top of the head is relatively broad and domed. The long forehead is only slightly domed and flat seen from the side. The superciliary ridges are moderately developed. 
Stop
Barely perceptible, the forehead running an almost straight line between the eyebrows towards the bridge of the nose.

Facial region

Nose
Narrow, bluntly cut-off. Always black in all coat colours.
Muzzle
The bridge of the nose is straight. The elongated facial region tapers towards the nose but is never pointed.
Lips
Tight-fitting to the teeth, dark pigmented.
Jaws and teeth
Strong jaws. The strong, well developed teeth are white. Regular, complete scissor bite according to the dentition formula.
Cheeks
Well muscled.
Eyes
Set moderately wide apart, slightly oblique. Medium sized oval, dark brown slit-eyes. The expression is lively and intelligent. The eye-lids are tight and close-fitting to the eyeballs and well pigmented.
Ears
The upright ears are set on high, the upper third of the ears bending forward. The medium sized, even ears show a reverse V-shape. They show alert reactions to all stimulations.

Neck

Of medium length, little arched, well muscled, forming an angle of 50 to 55 degrees to the horizontal. The skin at the throat is tight, dry, without folds.

Body

Body
Well developed muscles, dry, exceptionally taut and tough. The breed is particularly lean and of harmonious appearance.
Topline
Straight.
Withers
Pronounced, long, sloping towards rear.
Back
Short, straight and taut.
Loin
Short, firmly coupled, straight.
Croup
Short, slightly sloping, of medium breadth.
Chest
The forechest is straight, not broad, rather deep. Ribs slightly arched, rather flat. The brisket is deep, long and reaches to the elbows.
Underline and belly
Belly tight, tucked up towards rear.

Tail

The high set tail forms a wide circle above the croup. The hair on the underside of the tail is 7 to 12 cm long, wiry standing apart, with little undercoat. A natural stumpy tail or tail docking are not permitted.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
The front legs, placed under the forechest, support the body like pillars. They are vertical, parallel and not too wide apart.
Shoulders
The shoulder blade is long and a little steep. Angle to the horizontal is approximately 55 degrees. The points of the shoulder blades are placed vertically above the deepest point of the brisket.
Upper arm
Short and well muscled. The shoulderblade and the upper arm form an angle of 100 to 110 degrees.
Elbows
Close-fitting to the body.
Forearm
Long, gaunt.
Pastern
Steep.
Forefeet
Rounded cat feet with well knit toes. The pads are springy. Nails strong, black or slate grey.

Hindquarters

Generality
The hindlegs are very strong. Seen from the side, they are somewhat extended beyond the rear. Seen from behind, the legs are parallel, straight, standing neither too narrow nor too wide apart.
Upper thigh
Muscular, long, sloping to the rear.
Lower thigh
Long, dry.
Stifle
On the same level as the elbows.
Metatarsus
Short, steep.
Hock
The hock is lean with clean outlines.
Hind feet
Like forefeet. Dewclaws are not desired.

Gait and movement

Quite lively and spirited. Stride short, energetic, dynamic and harmonious. The posture is bold and proud. The trot is light-footed and harmonious; the dog puts his hind feet exactly into the foot prints of the forefeet.

Skin

Without folds, strongly pigmented. The areas of bare skin are black or slate grey.

Coat

Hair
The wavy, curly coat forms tufts and is never smooth or corded. The coat has an average length of 4 to 7 cm, growing to smaller or larger tufts; it is elastic, shaggy and dense. It consists of a strong, but not coarse, topcoat and a soft undercoat.
The dense, wiry protective hairs of medium length on the ears grow upwards. The eyes and the foreface are free of long hair. The desired coat preparation is achieved by hand trimming. Smaller corrections, done with scissors on head and legs, are possible. Preparing the entire coat with scissors is not desirable.
Colour
Grey in various shades (normally, the colour at birth is black, turning grey with time).
Black.
Fawn (fakó). Primary colours: red, yellow, cream (a trace of black or grey and a distinct mask are desirable).
A white mark on the chest less than 3 cm in diameter and/or a white line on the toes are not faulty.
White.
The coat colour must always be intense and solid.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Dogs 41 to 47 cm; ideal height : 43 to 45 cm.
Bitches 38 to 44 cm; ideal height: 40 to 42 cm.
Weight
Dogs 10 to 15 kg; ideal weight : 12 to 13 kg.
Bitches 8 to 13 kg; ideal weight : 10 to 11 kg.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy.
 Round, Puli-like head.
 Foreface shorter than 40 % of the total length of head.
 Strongly defined stop.
 One or more missing teeth (incisors, canines, premolars 2-4, molars 1-2).
 More than two missing PM1, the M3 are disregarded.
 Over- or undershot mouth, wry mouth.
 Completely upright prick ears.
 Ears pendant from base or carried unevenly.
 Short smooth coat.
 Long, very matted, sticking out or dull coat.
 Chocolate coloured, multicoloured coat.
 All uniform, clearly defined patches (exp tan markings, mantle forming marking).
 Size deviating from the height limits given by the standard.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

 

Additional information from visitors

This lively Hungarian breed evolved from common working and accidental crosses between the popular Puli herders and breeds such as the Croatian Sheepdog, Hungarian Mudi, Austrian Pinscher and in the early 1800s, the smaller German Spitz. After establishing type and being separated from other Hungarian sheepdogs, the Pumi was recognized in the late 1920s and became a valued herder, hunter, ratter and watchdog in its homeland, but rare in other European countries. However, its energetic personality and impressive intelligence made it quite popular in America as a companion pet over the second half of the 20th century.
The Pumi is an agile and strong little dog, capable of great speeds and possesing a terrier-like temperament. Some specimens are prone to barking and can be confrontational with other dogs, but proper socialization and training are known to help correct those problems. The coat is dense and curly, needing regular care. Although most commonly seen in black, other solid colourings exist, like brown, gray, silver, cream and white. Average height is around 16 inches.

Detailed history

The Pumi belongs to a Hungarian race formed in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries by cross between the Puli, also Hungarian, and sheep dogs of French and German origin. The fixation of the race is however recent. It was carried out in the 1940-1950s, thanks to Dr. Raitfits, who established the differences between Pumi and Puli. It was only after this work that the breeders made a real selection.

Despite his modest size, his aggressive and daring temperament allows him to confront the large cattle, which he drives and gathers with skill. The finesse of its sense of smell also gives it great efficiency for the destruction of rodents or foxes. Always attentive, always on the alert, very barker, it is also an excellent guardian, especially as it does not befriend foreigners. Rustic, resistant, it enjoys a flourishing health and adapts easily to various climatic conditions. Given its vitality, which, let's face it, sometimes borders on exuberance, it is inadvisable to make it live in the city.

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