Russian Toy

FCI standard Nº 352

Origin
Russia
Translation
Anna Samsonova. Edited by Dr. Eugene Yerusalimsky
Group
Group 9 Companion and Toy dogs
Section
Section 9 Continental Toy Spaniels and Russian Toys
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Tuesday 07 November 2017
Acceptance on a provisional basis by the FCI
Tuesday 21 February 2006
Publication of the official valid standard
Tuesday 07 November 2017
Last update
Tuesday 05 December 2017
En français, cette race se dit
Petit chien russe
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Russischer Toy
En español, esta raza se dice
Pequeño perro ruso
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Russian Toy
In his country of origin, his name is

Russkiy Toy

Usage

Companion Dog.

Brief historical summary

At the beginning of the 20th century, the English Toy Terrier was one of the most popular toy dogs in Russia. However, in the period 1920 - 1950 the breeding of pure toy terriers was almost stopped and the number of dogs fell to a critical level. Only in the mid-fifties did Russian dog-breeders begin the revival of the breed. Practically all dogs which were used for breeding had no pedigrees; many of them were not pure blood. The Standard drafted for Toy Terriers significantly differed from that of the English Toy Terrier in many aspects. From this moment, the evolution of the breed in Russia went its own way.
On the 12th of October, 1958 two smooth-haired dogs, one of which had slightly longer hair, gave birth to a male dog with a spectacular fringes on ears and limbs. It was decided to keep this feature. The male was mated with a female which also had slightly long hair. Thus the longhaired variety of the Russian Toy appeared. It was called Moscow Longhaired Toy Terrier.
A dog breeder from Moscow, Yevgueniya Fominichna Zharova, played an important role in the creation of this breed variant. It was during a long period of development, in an isolated context, along with a specifically conducted selection that a new breed was created : the Russian Toy with two varieties : Longhaired and smooth-haired.

General appearance

A small elegant dog, lively, long-legged, with fine bone and lean muscles. Sexual dimorphism only slightly defined.

Important proportions

Square build. The height at elbows is only slightly more than half of the height at withers ; the chest is sufficiently deep.

Behaviour / temperament

Active, very cheerful, neither cowardly nor aggressive. The behaviour is significantly different between males and females.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Small compared to the body.
Skull
High but not too wide (width at the level of zygomatic arches does not exceed the depth of the skull). 
Stop
Clearly pronounced.

Facial region

Nose
Small, black or matching the coat colour.
Muzzle
Lean and pointed, slightly shorter than the skull.
Lips
Thin, lean, tight- fitting and dark or matching the coat colour.
Jaws and teeth
Small, white. Scissor bite. Absence of 2 incisors permitted in each jaw.
Cheeks
Only slightly pronounced.
Eyes
Quite large, rounded, dark, slightly prominent, set well apart and looking straight ahead. Eyelids are dark or matching the coat colour, tightly fitting.
Ears
Big, thin, set high, erect.

Neck

Long, lean, carried high, slightly arched.

Body

Topline
Gradually sloping from the withers to the root of the tail.
Withers
Slightly pronounced.
Back
Strong and straight.
Loin
Short and slightly arched.
Croup
The croup is somewhat rounded and slightly sloping.
Chest
The chest is oval, sufficiently deep and not too wide.
Underline and belly
Tucked up belly and drawn up flanks, forming a nicely curved line from the chest to the flanks.

Tail

Docked (only two or three vertebrae are left), carried high. In countries where tail docking is prohibited by law, it is left in its natural state.
Undocked: sickle tail. It should not be carried lower than back level.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Thin and lean; seen from the front, the front legs are straight and parallel.
Shoulders
The shoulder blades are moderately long and not too sloping.
Upper arm
Forming an angle of 105 degrees with the shoulder blade. The length of upper arm is approximately equal to the length of shoulder.
Elbows
In line with the body.
Forearm
Long, straight.
Carpal
Lean.
Pastern
Almost vertical.
Forefeet
Small, oval, turning neither in nor out. Toes well-knit and arched. Nails and resilient pads are black or match the coat colour.

Hindquarters

Generality
Seen from the rear, the hind legs are straight and parallel, but standing a little bit wider than the forelegs. Stifles and hocks are sufficiently bent.
Upper thigh
Muscles are lean and developed.
Lower thigh
The upper and lower thighs are of the same length.
Metatarsus
Vertical.
Hock
Sufficiently angulated.
Hind feet
Arched , a little bit narrower than forefeet. Nails and pads are black or match the coat colour.

Gait and movement

Easy, straightforward, fast. No noticeable change in the topline when moving.

Skin

Thin, dry and tight-fitting.

Coat

Hair
There exists two types for the breed: smooth-haired and longhaired.
. Smooth-haired: short, close-lying, shiny hair, without undercoat or bald patches.
. Longhaired: body is covered with moderately long (3-5 cm), straight or slightly wavy hair, close-lying, which does not hide the natural outline of the body . Hair on the head and on the front part of limbs is short and close -lying. Distinct feathers on rear side of limbs. The feet have long, silky hair which completely hides the nails. Ears are covered with thick, long hair forming a fringe. Dogs of more than 3 years have such a fringe, which should completely hide the outer edges and tips of the ears. Body hair should not look tousled nor be too short (less than 2 cm.).
Colour
Black and tan, brown and tan, blue and tan. Also red of any shade with or without black or brown overlay. Richer shades are preferable for all colours.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Dogs and bitches: 20 - 28 cm (tolerance +/- 1 cm).
Weight
Dogs and bitches: up to 3 kg.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

General faults

 Timid behaviour.
 Level bite or incisors sloping forward.
 Semi-pricked ears; this condition in longhaired dogs with heavy fringes is permissible but not desirable.
 Low set tail.
 Presence of bald patches in smooth-haired dogs.
 Too long or too short hair on body of longhaired dogs.
 Small white spots on chest and toes.
 Solid black, brown and blue colours.
 Tan markings too large or with dark shadings.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive, overly shy.
 Overshot, pronounced undershot.
 Absence of 1 canine; absence of more than 2 incisors in either jaw.
 Hanging ears.
 Short legs.
 Many bald patches in short-haired dogs.
 Longhaired dogs: absence of fringes on ears and presence of curly hair.
 White coat, white spots on the head, abdomen and above metacarpus; large white patches on chest and throat, presence of brindle markings.
 Size over 30 cm or under 18 cm.
 Weight less than 1 kg.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

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