Russian Black Terrier

FCI standard Nº 327

Origin
Russia
Translation
Dr. E. Yerusalimsky, O. Kornienko. Revised by Renée Sporre-Willes/ Original version: (EN)
Group
Group 2 Pinscher and Schnauzer – Molossoid breeds – Swiss Mountain Dogs and Cattle Dogs
Section
Section 1.4 Tchiorny Terrier
Working
Working trial optional
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Thursday 29 September 1983
Publication of the official valid standard
Wednesday 13 October 2010
Last update
Monday 10 January 2011
En français, cette race se dit
Terrier noir russe
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Russischer Schwarzer Terrier
En español, esta raza se dice
Terrier ruso negro
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Zwart Russische Terriër
In his country of origin, his name is

Russkiy Tchiorny Terrier

Usage

Working dog, guarding dog, sporting- and companion dog.

Brief historical summary

The Russian Black Terrier was created in Russia during the late 1940s and the early 1950s by selective interbreeding of breeds like the Rottweiler, Giant Schnauzer, Airedale Terrier and Newfoundland Dog. The Giant Schnauzer is considered to be the main ancestor of the breed. The initial breeding was supervised by the military cynological school outside Moscow and the dogs were based in their kennels named “Red Star”. The aim of the creators of the breed was the development of a large, brave, strong and manageable working dog with pronounced guarding instinct; a dog which could be useful for many services and adapts well to various climate conditions. The breed was recognized by the FCI in 1984.

General appearance

The Russian Black Terrier is a large dog with a slightly long body and very athletic built of a robust type and hardy constitution. The breed has qualities like massive bone and powerful muscles.
It is symmetrical with a large head and compact body and a voluminous and deep chest. Differences between the sexes to be clearly defined.

Important proportions

The length of the body is slightly longer than the height at the withers, could be more pronounced in females.
Depth of chest should not be less than half the height at the withers.
Length of head should not be less than 40 % of the dog’s height at the withers.
The muzzle is slightly shorter than the skull.

Behaviour / temperament

A dignified and confident dog; well controlled in all situations. When circumstances require, he immediately assumes an active-defensive posture, however, quickly calms down at the disappearance of threat. This handsome breed is amiable and has great endurance; it is undemanding, smart and friendly. It adapts well to training and various climate conditions and is hard working and reliable.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Head should be in proportion to body, although large, massive and long.
Skull
Moderately broad with flat forehead. Topline of skull is parallel with topline of muzzle. The superciliary arches and occipital bone are moderately pronounced. 
Stop
Noticeable but not sharp.

Facial region

Nose
Large and black.
Muzzle
Strong, broad and slightly shorter than skull. Muzzle is wide at base and narrowing slightly to the tip of the nose. Moustache and beard accentuated volume and give the muzzle a rectangular, blunt appearance.
Lips
Thick, well pigmented and tight. Lip rims dark.
Jaws and teeth
Large, white teeth that are tightly adjacent to each other, the lower incisors positioned in a line. Full dentition (42 teeth). Scissors bite.
Cheeks
Dry cheek bones with rounded but not pronounced cheeks.
Eyes
Medium size, oval shaped, set straight and wide apart, dark colour. Eye rims dry, tight and black.
Ears
Hanging. Set high and symmetrical, medium sized, triangular shaped. Front edge close to cheek. Ear leather is dense, without folds.

Neck

Strong, dry and muscular. The length of the neck is approximately equal to the length of head and set at an angle of 45-50 degree to the horizon. The nape is strong and well developed.

Body

Body
Solid, deep and voluminous, well balanced.
Topline
Slightly sloping from the withers to the root of the tail.
Withers
High and well developed, more pronounced in males than in females.
Back
Strong, straight and muscular. The length of the actual back is equal to ½ the length measured from the withers to the base of the tail.
Loin
Wide, short, muscular and slightly arched. The length is equal to ½ the length of the actual back.
Croup
Broad, muscular, slightly sloping and of moderate length.
Chest
Deep, long and broad with slightly sprung ribs. The shape of the thorax (in cross section) is oval. The breast bone is long and the fore chest slightly extends the shoulder joint and is well muscled.
Underline and belly
On the same line as the elbow joint or slightly below. Belly moderately tucked up. Flanks only slightly developed.

Tail

Thick at root and set high. In movement the tail is carried jauntily but the root of the tail does not incline over the back (squirrel tail). Tail traditionally docked in country of origin. An undocked tails length or shape has no influence on the evaluation of the dog. Preferable shape of the undocked tail is sabre or sickle.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Forelegs when viewed from the front are straight and parallel. The distance from the elbow ulna to the ground is equal to 50-52% of the dogs’ height at the withers.
Shoulders
Long, broad and well-laid back. The angle between shoulder blade and upper arm is approximately 100 degrees.
Upper arm
Muscular and no shorter than the shoulder-blades.
Elbows
Close to body.
Forearm
Straight, thick, round bone. Vertical when viewed from the front and side.
Pastern
Short, massive and slightly sloping when viewed from the side.
Forefeet
Large, compact and round in shape. Nails and pads are black.

Hindquarters

Generality
When viewed from behind straight and parallel, set wider than the forelegs. When viewed from the side placed slightly behind the dog.
Upper thigh
Moderately long, slightly inclined, wide with well developed, voluminous muscles.
Lower thigh
No shorter than thighs.
Stifle
Well bent.
Metatarsus
Strong, low and vertically positioned. No dewclaws.
Hind feet
Slightly smaller than front feet and tending oval shape. Nails and pads are black.

Gait and movement

Free and well balanced with smoothly bent joints. The typical gait is an energetic trot with long strides which comes from the powerful rear drive and significant reach in the forequarters. Topline to remain firm.

Skin

Tight, well fitted without folds or loose skin, still elastic. Evenly pigmented.

Coat

Hair
Rough and thick double coat. Composed of a coarse, thick, slightly waved outercoat and a soft, short and dense undercoat. The outer coat covers the whole body. The natural and untrimmed coat length is between 5 – 15 cms. The head furnishing is very well developed and forms abundant eyebrows, moustaches and beard. Legs are covered in long, dens furnishing coat. Grooming in the correct form is required.
The clipped coat should emphasise the character of a strong and assured dog and by no means be excessively decorative. The coat is left longest on legs and around the muzzle.
The clipping should accentuate the massive head with flat forehead, well lying ears, strong neck and well constructed, strong body.
Colour
Black, black with insignificant intermingling gray hair is permissible. (Grey intermingling hair not to cover more than a 1/3 of the whole body).

Size and weight

Height at withers
Desired height at the withers:
Males: 72 - 76 cms. but no less than 70 cms. and not more than 78 cms.
Females: 68 - 72 cms. but no less than 66 cms. and not more than 74 cms.
Slightly taller specimens are tolerated providing they are proportionate and of excellent breed type.
Weight
Males: 50 – 60 kgs. Females: 45 – 50 kgs.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

General faults

 Skull rounded.
 Partial lack of pigmentation on lips.
 Incisors not in line in lower jaw.
 Small incisors.
 Eyes round; slightly light coloured; oblique or narrow set.
 Neck too short and not muscular enough.
 Withers not pronounced.
 Swayback, or narrow back.
 Loin too long; narrow; not muscular enough.
 Shoulders too straight.
 Forearms too short.
 Elbows turned in or turned out.
 Feet turning in or turning out.
 Hocks turned in, out or sickle.
 Pacing interspersed when trotting.
 Guardcoat soft or smooth.
 Rusty shading in guard coat.
 No undercoat.

Serious faults

 Deviation from sex type.
 Timid or overexcited behaviour.
 Head short or light.
 Visible third eyelid, light coloured eyes.
 Croup horizontal or too steep.
 Chest shallow or short.
 Squirrel tail.
 Bowed forearms.
 Movement restricted; sluggish or heavy.
 Guardcoat silky.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy.
 Deviation towards the ancestry breeds.
 Nose other than black.
 Wall eye or different coloured eyes.
 Deviation from scissor bite or missing teeth.
 Guardcoat smooth and lack of head, chest and leg furnishing.
 Any other colour than the ones described.
 White spots or markings.
 Clearly defined patches of grey hair.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

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