Tibetan Mastiff

FCI standard Nº 230

Origin
Tibet (China)
Patronage FCI
Group
Group 2 Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds- Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs
Section
Section 2.2 Molossoid breeds, Mountain type
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Tuesday 22 August 1961
Publication of the official valid standard
Wednesday 18 March 2015
Last update
Wednesday 24 June 2015
En français, cette race se dit
Dogue du Tibet
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Do Khyi
En español, esta raza se dice
Dogo del Tibet
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Tibetaanse Mastiff

Usage

A companion, watch and guard dog.

Brief historical summary

The Tibetan Mastiff (Do Khyi) is an ancient working breed of the nomad herders of the Himalaya and a traditional guardian of the Tibetan monasteries. It has been surrounded by great myth since its first discovery in antiquity. From the mentioning by Aristoteles (384-322 b.C.) to the famous writings of Marco Polo, who went to Asia in 1271, all historical reports praise the natural strength and impressiveness of the Tibetan Mastiff-both physically and mentally. Even its bark has been described as a unique and highly treasured feature of the breed. Leading European cynologists of the past, like Martin and Youatt, Megnin, Beckmann, Siber as well as Strebel and Bylandt have intensively covered the Tibetan Mastiff, as they had been fascinated by its origin and function in the Tibetan culture. Some even considered the breed to be the very forefather of all large mountain and mastiff breeds. One of the first known Tibetan Mastiffs to reach Western shores was a male sent to Queen Victoria by Lord Hardinge (then Viceroy of India) in 1847. Later in the 1880s, Edward VII (then Prince of Wales) took two dogs back to England. An early recorded litter of Tibetan Mastiffs was born in 1898 in the Berlin Zoo.

General appearance

Powerful, heavy, well built, with good bone. Impressive; of solemn and earnest appearance. Combines majestic strength, robustness and endurance; fit to work in all climate conditions. Slow to mature, only reaching its best at 2-3 years in females and at least 4 years in males.

Important proportions

• Skull measured from occiput to stop equal to muzzle from stop to end of nose but muzzle may be a little shorter.
• Body slightly longer than height at withers.

Behaviour / temperament

Independent. Protective. Commands respect. Most loyal to his family and territory.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Broad, heavy and strong. In adults a wrinkle may extend from above the eyes down to the corner of mouth.
Skull
Large, very slightly rounded, with strongly pronounced occiput. 
Stop
Well defined.

Facial region

Nose
Broad, as dark as possible depending on coat colour, well opened nostrils.
Muzzle
Fairly broad, well filled and deep. End of muzzle square.
Lips
Well developed and covering the underjaw.
Jaws and teeth
Jaws strong with perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper incisors closely overlapping the lower incisors and set square to the jaws. Level bite acceptable. Dentition fits tightly.
Eyes
Medium size, any shade of brown and in accordance with coat colour, the darker the better. Set well apart, oval and slightly slanting. Eyelids tightly fitting the eyeball. Expression of dignity.
Ears
Medium size, triangular, pendant, set between the level of the skull and the eye, dropping forward and hanging close to head; carried forward when alert. Ear leathers covered with soft, short hair.

Neck

Strong, well muscled, arched. Not too much dewlap. Covered by thick upstanding mane, not so pronounced in bitches.

Body

Body
Strong.
Back
Straight, muscular.
Croup
Broad and rather flat.
Chest
Rather deep, of moderate breadth, with good spring of rib, to give heart-shaped ribcage. Brisket reaching to below elbows.

Tail

Medium length. Set high on line with top of back, carried high, loosely curled over back, when dog alert or in motion; well feathered.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Straight, well angulated, well covered all over with strong hair.
Shoulders
Well laid, muscular.
Elbows
Neither turned in nor out.
Forearm
Straight. Strong bone.
Pastern
Strong, slightly sloping.

Hindquarters

Generality
Powerful, muscular, with good angulation. Seen from behind, hindlegs parallel.
Upper thigh
Rather long; strong, with good hard muscles, but not bulging.
Stifle
Well bent.
Hock
Strong, low set. Dewclaws optional.

Feet

Fairly large, strong, round and compact, with good feathering between well-arched toes.

Gait and movement

Powerful, but always light and elastic: with good reach and drive. When speed increases tends to single track. When walking appears very deliberate. Capable of functioning over a varied terrain with stamina and suppleness.

Coat

Hair
Quality of greater importance than quantity. Coat harsh, thick, top coat not too long, with dense and rather wolly undercoat in cold weather which becomes rather sparse in warmer months. Males carry noticeably more coat than females. Hair fine but harsh, straight and off-standing. Never silky, curly or wavy. Neck and shoulders heavily coated, giving mane-like appearance. Tail bushyand well feathered; hindlegs well feathered on upper rear parts.
Colour
Rich black, with or without tan marking; blue, with or without tan markings; gold, from rich fawn to deep red, sable. All colours to be as pure as possible. Tan ranges from a rich chestnut to a lighter colour. White star on breast permissible. Minimal white markings on feet acceptable. Tan markings appear above eyes, on lower part of legs and underside of tail. Tan markings on muzzle; spectacle markings tolerated around eyes.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Dogs : 66 cm (26 ins) minimum, Bitches : 61 cm (24 ins) minimum.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

Serious faults

 Lacking physical condition and fitness.
 Head light or heavily wrinkled.
 Pendulous flews.
 Pronounced dewlap.
 Large and/or low set ears.
 Light eyes or staring expression.
 Weak pigmentation, particularly of nose.
 Barrelled ribs.
 Tightly curled tail over hips.
 Over angulated or straight hindquarters.
 Heavy constrained movement.
 Under minimum height, tolerance 2 cm.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy.
 Undershot or overshot mouth.
 All other colours than above mentioned eg white, cream, grey, brown (liver), lilac, brindle, particolours.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

No comments

No comments

Nobody has submitted a comment yet.

Last updated articles

  • Papichon -- Continental Toy Spaniel X Bichon frise

    Papichon He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin France and Belgium -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Papichon The Papichon is a hybrid dog breed, a cross between the Bichon Frise and the Papillon. Both parent breeds are attractive, the Papillon with its silky fur and large butterfly ears, while the Bichon is...
  • Paperanian -- Continental Toy Spaniel X German Toy Spitz / Pomeranian

    Paperanian He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin France and Belgium <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Pomillon A brief presentation of the Paperanian Paperanians are refined little dogs with a sophisticated appearance. Their expression is always cheerful and attentive, their dark, attractive eyes...
  • Norkie -- Norfolk Terrier X Yorkshire Terrier

    Norkie He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Norkie The Norkie is an extremely rare hybrid dog that currently exists in very small numbers internationally. By combining the fiery, inquisitive nature of the Norfolk Terrier with the affectionate personality of the Yorkshire...
  • Newfypoo -- Newfoundland X Poodle

    Newfypoo He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Canada <> France -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as NewdleNewfydoodleNewfoundlandoodle A brief presentation of the Newfypoo A cross between the gentle, giant, larger-than-life Newfoundland and the versatile, good-natured Standard Poodle, the Newfypoo has a lot...
  • Mountain Feist

    Mountain Feist He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Mountain Feist The Mountain Feist is one of those slightly confusing breeds. It's a type of dog rather than a specific breed, only to complicate matters, this type has been officially recognized as a breed. Go figure.So,...
  • Yorktese -- Yorkshire Terrier X Maltese

    Yorktese He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain <> Central Mediterranean -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as MalkieMalkiMaltiyorkMorkieYorkiemaltYortese A brief presentation of the Yorktese A combination of two toy breeds, the Yorkshire Terrier and the Maltese, the Yorktese is a small, designer...
  • Molossos Tis Epirou

    Molossos Tis Epirou He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Greece Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Molossos Tis Epirou A little-known breed despite its impressive stature and remarkable history, the Molossos Tis Epirou is recognized in its home country by the Greek Kennel Club. Even in Greece, there aren't many breed...
  • Mastidoodle -- Mastiff X Poodle

    Mastidoodle He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great-Britain <> France -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Mastipoo A brief presentation of the Mastidoodle Crossing the formidable Mastiff with the versatile Poodle was virtually inevitable in the world of specific crossbreeding dogs, and the result was a pleasing...
  • Maltipoo -- Maltese X Poodle

    Maltipoo He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Central Mediterranean Basin <> France -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Maltipoo One of the most popular Poodle hybrids to emerge in the last 20 years, the cute and cuddly Maltipoo has captured the hearts of many. The product of a cross between a purebred...
  • Maltipom -- Maltese X German Toy Spitz / Pomeranian

    Maltipom He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Central Mediterranean Basin <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Maltipom For those who lack the willpower and already have enough pets at home, look away now. The Maltipom is a pretty bundle of fluff that's sure to steal your heart. Inheriting its...
  • Malti-Pug - Maltese X Pug

    Malti-Pug He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Central Mediterranean Basin <> China -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Malti-Pug Here's a specific crossbreed dog for those who love all things miniature and fluffy. The Malti-Pug is a little bundle of fur with delightful markings and an affectionate, outgoing...
  • Malchi -- Maltese X Chihuahua

    Malchi He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Central Mediterranean Basin <> Mexico -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as MalachiMaltechi A brief presentation of the Malchi The Malchi is a hybrid dog, the result of crossing a Maltese with a Chihuahua. They are also known as Malachi or Maltechi. The resulting dog...
  • Alaskan Malador -- Alaskan Malamute X Labrador Retriever

    Alaskan Malador He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin U.S.A. <> Canada -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Alaskan Lab A brief presentation of the Alaskan Malador Alaskan Maladors are active, affectionate pets that get along with almost everyone. They require a little exercise, attention and maintenance. In...
  • Majorcan Pointer

    Majorcan Pointer He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Spain Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Majorcan Pointer The Majorcan Pointer is little known outside their native Majorca. These Pointer-type dogs are used by local sportsmen to hunt game. Considered a rare breed, they were once thought to be extinct until small...
  • Lurcher

    Lurcher He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Great Britain Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Lurcher A bit of a mongrel, the Lurcher is not only a crossbreed, it can also be made up of a variety of different breeds, meaning that Lurchers are one of the most diverse types of dog. Most will be athletically built with...
  • Labrottie -- Labrador Retriever X Rottweiler

    Labrottie He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Canada <> Germany -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as Rottwador A brief presentation of the Labrottie A relatively popular hybrid, this Labrador-Rottweiler cross is now widely seen around the world. The Labrottie is a large, robust dog with a dense double coat...
  • Labrala -- Labrador Retriever X Hungarian short haired pointer

    Labrala He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Canada <> Hungary -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen This breed is also known as VizsladorRetizsla A brief presentation of the Labrala An undeniably attractive mix, the Labrala is a combination of the happy Labrador Retriever and the devoted Hungarian Shorthaired Pointer. They have...
  • Labraheeler-- Labrador Retriever X Australian Cattle Dog

    Labraheeler He is not recognized by the F.C.I. Origin Canada <> Australia -> U.S.A. Translation Francis Vandersteen A brief presentation of the Labraheeler A cross between the docile, easy-going Labrador Retriever and the intelligent, hard-working Australian Cattle Dog, the Labraheeler is a fine pet for an active household. They benefit from good...