Tahltan Bear Dog

He is not recognized by the F.C.I.

Origin
Canada
Translation
Francis Vandersteen
This breed is also known as
Chien d'ours Tahltan

Brief historical summary

The Tahltan Bear Dog is a hunting dog native to British Columbia (Canada). Bred by the Indians, this small dog was used to hunt brown bear, grizzly bear, lynx and even porcupine. The Indians held him in high esteem and treated him with deference, going so far as to carry him in a sack thrown over their shoulder so he wouldn't tire. They wouldn't let him go until they'd picked up a trail. Whatever the case, and despite the research undertaken, it would appear that this dog is now one of the extinct breeds.

General appearance

These are alert, lively little hunters of light build. It is longer than it is tall, and wears a ruff or crop. The coat is also erect on the forelegs (breeches) and brush-like on the tail, which is short and straight. Bold, independent and wily, these dogs are easy to train. They are loyal and devoted to their master, but wary of strangers.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Reminiscent of a fox.
Skull
Broad and flat between the ears. Narrows from ears to eyes.
Stop
Moderate.

Facial region

Nose
Black.
Jaws and teeth
Strong teeth and perfect scissor bite.
Eyes
Black and almond-shaped.
Ears
Upright and mobile.

Neck

Medium-length and slightly arched, appearing short because of the thick collar.

Body

Back
The line of the back is quite straight, with a slight slope at the level of the loins. The back is neither too long nor too short.
Chest
Quite spacious, reaching down to elbow level. The belly is somewhat tucked up.

Tail

Carried straight or curled over the back when the dog is alert. Very full, resembling a brush or shaving brush.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
The pasterns are arched.
Shoulders
Slightly sloping.
Elbows
Close to the body.
Forearm
Straight and of medium length.

Hindquarters

Generality
Legs perfectly straight.
Upper thigh
Well muscled.
Hock
Well let down.

Gait and movement

The Tahltan is essentially a trotter. The trot is short but very fast. The movement must express agility and dynamism.

Coat

Hair
The undercoat is of moderate length and very dense. Its texture evokes fur. The topcoat is long. Coarse in appearance, though odorless, it protects the dog from the rigors of the climate. It is erect around the neck, hind legs and tail.
Colour
The ground coat is generally white with irregular black markings on the body; the head is black. The color scheme can be reversed, with white head and markings on a black background.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Between 30 and 40 cm for males; slightly less for females.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

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