Snow Panther

He is a wild animal

Origin
Mongolia, western China (in the provinces of Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan, Tibet, Xinjiang and Yunnan), Nepal, Bhutan, northern India (in the states of Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Sikkim and Uttarakhand), Pakistan, Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Russia
Translation
Francis Vandersteen
The possession of this animal is not authorized Royal Decree establishing the list of mammals not kept for production purposes that may be kept (M.B. 24.08.2009)
The Snow Panther (Panthera uncia), also known as the Snow Leopard, Once or Irbis, is a feline in the Pantherinae subfamily. It is now part of the Panthera genus. It is a medium-sized feline with short legs, wide paws and a long tail that accounts for almost half its total length. The face is broad and round, with short, rounded ears. The coat is pale gray to yellow-gray, studded with solid patches and rosettes.

The coat is pale gray to yellow-gray, with an off-white belly and neck. The spots and rosettes are unique to each animal. Identification methods based on the spots on the forehead have been developed. The very long, thick coat is renewed twice a year. In winter, the coat measures five centimeters long on the body and up to twelve centimeters on the belly and tail. The face and neck are dotted with small, round spots. Dark gray rosettes and round spots dot the back, flanks and legs. On the tail, the rosettes become rings as they approach the tip. Two horizontal stripes mark the back from nape to tail. The pattern and color of the Snow Panther's coat provide effective camouflage in the rocky, snow-covered mountains that make up its habitat. Cubs are born with darker fur and large black spots on their backs and flanks, which become rosettes as they grow.

The Snow Panther mainly hunts ungulates, notably the Greater Bharal, but also small mammals and birds. For a feline, plants form an important part of its diet. It occupies vast territories, covering restricted areas for seven to ten days before moving on to another area. This is one of the few felines to have a marked peak in births, in May. Litters, averaging two kittens, are raised by the mother until around 18 to 22 months.

The Snow Panther is strongly associated with mountain habitats, with a preference for steep, rocky ravines. It is found in the high mountain valleys of Central Asia, Central Siberia and the Altai, up to an altitude of 5,500 m. It is listed as a "vulnerable species" on the IUCN Red List. The wild population is estimated at between 4,500 and 8,700 individuals. It is still poached for its fur and bones, and killed in retaliation when it attacks domestic animals. Conservation associations help shepherds build protective enclosures if they agree not to kill predators.

The Snow Panther is a feline whose character is considered particularly peaceful and calm, both in captivity and in the wild. In captivity, several testimonials describe it as very docile, bonded to its keeper and as the gentlest of the large carnivores. In the wild, Snow Leopard attacks on humans are extremely rare. Two cases have been recorded. On July 12, 1940, in the Maloalmaatinsk Gorge near Almaty, an enraged Snow Panther seriously injured two men by attacking them during the day. The second recorded case, again near Almaty, is an attempted attack on a passer-by in winter by a very old, toothless and emaciated individual.

When attacking livestock, the Snow Panther easily abandons its prey, even when only protected by a child armed with a stick. Scientists have collected several reports of the panther failing to defend itself in confrontations with humans, even resulting in the cat's death. One Soviet account tells of a shepherd who caught a Snow Panther by the tail while eating in his sheepfold, dragged it outside and then stoned it with the help of other villagers without the carnivore fighting back. According to Helen Freeman of the Snow Leopard Trust, this gentle behavior may be correlated with the very rare contact between humans and Snow Leopards, whose instincts do not alert them to danger.

The Snow Leopard is active both day and night, although its peak hours are early in the morning and late at night. In areas relatively undisturbed by human activity, it is more active during the day, while in more urbanized areas, particularly where it preys on livestock, it hunts by night and very discreetly. The Snow Leopard follows the seasonal movements of its prey: it moves down into the valleys and coniferous forests in winter, and up into the mountains in summer. It makes its home in a rock crevice and seems to remain faithful to its usual shelters.

To get around in the snow, the Snow Leopard prefers to use existing tracks, such as those left by wild or domestic animals, or even by humans, as one scientist reported a Snow Leopard following the tracks left by his skis. The Snow Leopard can travel in very deep snow, up to 85 cm. In the Tien Shan region, researchers followed a ten-kilometre trail where the snow was so deep that the paw prints sank 43 cm and the feline's belly left a furrow.

To cover its territory, the Snow Leopard prefers steep slopes, ravines and river gorges. It avoids wide-open spaces wherever possible. In Mongolia's Gobi Gurvansaikhan National Park, a young male released in the steppe covered between thirty and forty kilometers, probably in a single night, to reach a more mountainous area. In areas where plateaus and plains are more common, the scientific community suggests that lower relief, such as hills or small mountains 20 to 65 km away, serve as a corridor to reach the mountain ranges preferred by the Snow Leopard.

Apart from the female accompanied by her cubs, the Snow Leopard is a solitary cat. Young from the same sibling may briefly stay together after leaving their mother.

The Snow Panther mainly hunts ungulates such as the Great Bharal (Pseudois nayaur), Siberian Ibex (Capra sibirica), Markhor (Capra falconeri), Urial (Ovis vignei) and Argali (Ovis ammon). Cattle make up a significant proportion of the diet, depending on the region. It also hunts smaller mammals such as the Himalayan Marmot (Marmota himalayana), musk deer and pikas, and birds such as the Chukar Partridge, pheasants and grouse. Carrion is also part of the diet. Vegetables form an important part of the diet.

No comments

The latest updated breeds

  • Himalayen

    Himalayen Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Himalayen, also known as the colorpoint or colorpoint (US), is a cat breed originating in the United States. In some European countries, this breed does not exist and is considered a coat of the Persian. A brief historical overview The Himalayen is a colorpoint Persian. These Persians are...
  • Highland Fold

    Highland Fold Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Highland Fold is a breed of cat originally from Scotland. The name Highland Fold is given to the shorthair variety. A brief historical overview The first known specimen of a cat with folded ears is Susie, a cat living on a farm north of Dundee in Scotland. She was discovered in 1961 by...
  • Scottish Fold

    Scottish Fold Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Scottish Fold is a breed of cat originally from Scotland. The name Scottish Fold is given to the shorthair variety. A brief historical overview The first known specimen of a cat with folded ears is Susie, a cat living on a farm north of Dundee in Scotland. She was discovered in 1961 by...
  • Highlander

    Highlander Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Highlander is a breed of cat that originated in the United States. The Highlander is a recent breed and still very rare. A brief historical overview Descended from hybrid breeds, the Highlander is a magnificent feline reminiscent of the Lynx.The Highlander is a recent and still very rare...
  • Havana brown

    Havana brown Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Havana brown, also known as the Swiss Mountain cat or Chestnut Oriental Shorthair, is a cat breed originally from Great Britain. This cat is characterized by its chocolate-colored shorthair coat. A brief historical overview The ancestors of the Havana brown existed in the kingdom of Siam...
  • German rex

    German rex Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The German rex is a breed of cat that originated in East Prussia (now Baltic Russia). This medium-sized cat is characterized by its short, wavy and very soft coat. A brief historical overview The German rex is thought to be the first breed of cat with curly or wavy hair. The first subject was...
  • Exotic shorthair

    Exotic shorthair Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Exotic shorthair or simply Exotic is a cat breed originating in the United States. The result of an attempt by American breeders to improve the American shorthair in the 1950s, the Exotic shorthair was recognized as a breed in its own right in the 1960s. A brief historical overview n the...
  • European shorthair

    European shorthair Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The European shorthair, also known as the Européen or Celtic shorthair, is a breed of cat originating in Europe, the ennobled representative of the common cats of Europe. The breed is popular in Scandinavian countries, where it is appreciated as a natural breed, never polluted by...
  • Donskoy

    Donskoy Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Donskoy, also known as Don Sphynx and Sphynx du Don, Don Hairless, originated in Rostov-on-Don, Russia. The Donskoy remains very rare. In France, 57 pedigrees were issued between 2003 and 2014. A brief historical overview The discovery of the Donskoy dates back to 1987, when a schoolteacher...
  • Devon rex

    Devon rex Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Devon rex is a cat breed originating in the United Kingdom. The Devon rex is characterized by a conical head, marked by high cheekbones, a short muzzle and large ears. A brief historical overview In the 1960s, a harecat with curly fur was spotted in an abandoned tin mine near Buckfastleigh in...
  • Cymric

    Cymric Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Cymric is a cat breed from the Isle of Man (British Isles). This cat is the semi-long-haired variety of the Manx, which has the particularity of not having a tail. A brief historical overview Like the Manx, the Cymric originated on the British Isle of Man. As the island's cat population was...
  • Colorpoint shorthair

    Colorpoint shorthair Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Colorpoint Shorthair is a cat breed originally from Thailand. This medium-sized cat is characterized by its colorpoint coat and blue eyes. A brief historical overview The origins of the Colorpoint Shorthair are the same as those of the Siamese, since it is the same breed.The breed is said to...
  • Chantilly

    Chantilly Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Chantilly is a semi-long-haired cat breed created in the United States in the 1960s from two kittens of undetermined breed. On the brink of extinction in the 1980s, breeding was revived in Canada. The breed remains very rare and is only recognized by a few North American federations, mostly on an...
  • California Spangled

    California Spangled Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Californian Spangled is a breed of cat native to the United States. This endangered cat is characterized by its leopard-like spotted tabby coat. A brief historical overview Paul Casey, an American screenwriter, created the breed in 1970. He had just returned from a trip to Africa and wanted a...
  • Brazilian shorthair

    Brazilian shorthair Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Brazilian shorthair, also known as the Pelo Curto Brasileiro, is a breed of cat native to Brazil. This medium-sized cat is characterized by the fact that it is the first internationally recognized Brazilian breed and is extremely rare. Standard The current standard published by the...
  • Japanese Bobtail

    Japanese Bobtail Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Japanese Bobtail is a breed of cat native to Japan. This cat is characterized by its short, curled tail. A brief historical overview The breed, when tortoiseshell and white, is known as the Mi-ké (three hairs = three colors) in its native Japan, where it is considered a symbol of...
  • Kuril Bobtail

    Kuril Bobtail Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Kuril Bobtail is a cat breed from the Kuril Islands in Russia. This cat is characterized by its very short pom-pom tail, the result of a natural mutation. The breed exists in shorthair and longhair varieties. A brief historical overview This natural breed originated on the Kuril Islands, on the...
  • Russian blue

    Russian blue Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Russian Blue or Russian is a cat breed with controversial origins, usually considered a natural breed that originated in cold countries such as Russia and Scandinavia. Often described as a calm breed that is very attached to its master, the Russian Blue is well suited to life in an...
  • Balinais

    Balinais Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Balinais is a cat breed that originated in the United States. This medium-sized cat is the semi-long-haired variety of the Siamese. Standard The French standard specifies that the Balinais, although fine, must not be too thin. A brief historical overview The Balinais is the semi-long-haired variety...
  • Australian mist

    Australian mist Translation Francis Vandersteen Origin The Australian Mist, also known as the Spotted Mist, is a breed of cat native to Australia. This medium-sized cat is characterized by its short-haired coat with a spotted tabby or blotched tabby pattern. A brief historical overview The origins of the Australian Mist go back to the late 1970s,...