Jämthund

FCI standard Nº 42

Origin
Sweden
Translation
Mrs. Renée Sporre-Willes
Group
Group 5 Spitz and primitive types
Section
Section 2 Nordic Hunting Dogs
Working
With working trial only for the Nordic countries (Sweden, Norway, Finland)
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Sunday 03 January 1954
Publication of the official valid standard
Wednesday 04 September 2019
Last update
Monday 28 October 2019
En français, cette race se dit
Chien d'élan suédois
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Schwedischer Elchhund
En español, esta raza se dice
Perro cazador de alces sueco
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Jämthund
In his country of origin, his name is

Jämthund

Usage

Hunting dog. Mainly used for hunting elk, but also used for hunting bear and boar.

Brief historical summary

The Jämthund was only officially recognized in 1946, although it is a very ancient type of dog that has been known since the North of Sweden was populated. The reason forthe late recognition is that the smaller Norwegian Elkhound and the Jämthund were judgedas the same breed. This situation eventually turned out to be impossible. The Jämthund is mainly used for hunting elk but it is also used for bear, boar and lynx. The breed is expected to, under considerable time intensely, bay the game which requires dogs with great strength and endurance.

General appearance

Large, rectangular spitz, clean-cut, strong, substantial but also agile and with a good stature. Body must not give the impression of being long, nor be too heavy.

Behaviour / temperament

Courageous and energetic but also stoically calm.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Clean-cut and longish, proportionally broad between the ears.
Skull
Slightly arched. 
Stop
Well defined but not too deep.

Facial region

Nose
Black, wide with well opened nostrils.
Muzzle
Muzzle, measured from stop to nose, slightly shorter than from stop to occiput. Evenly tapering towards tip of nose. Muzzle must not be snipy, neither when viewed from above or from the side.
Lips
Tight fitting.
Nasal bridge
Nasal bridge straight, broad and strong, nose wide.
Jaws and teeth
Scissors bite.
Cheeks
Muscled but not overly bulging.
Eyes
Slightly oval in shape, brown with keen but calm expression.
Ears
High set, perfectly erect, pointed and sensitive in use, slightly longer than width at base. Inside of ears well covered with hair.

Neck

Long, clean-cut, powerful with good reach.

Body

Body
Powerful and clean-cut, slightly longer than height at withers.
Back
Straight and slightly sloping from withers to croup.
Loin
Broad and well developed.
Croup
Broad and only slightly sloping.
Chest
With good depth and well sprung ribs.
Underline and belly
Belly slightly tucked up.

Tail

Set high, of medium length and of even thickness. Carried lowin a loose curl, over the thigh. Densely coated, but without fringe.

Limbs

Forequarters

Shoulders
Shoulder blade long, well laid back.
Elbows
Close to chest.
Forearm
Straight, clean-cut and with strong bone.
Pastern
Strong with slight slope.
Forefeet
Strong, somewhat oval, pointing straight forward with tightly knit toes.

Hindquarters

Generality
Parallel when viewed from behind.
Upper thigh
Broad and well-muscled.
Lower thigh
Strong and well-muscled.
Stifle
Noticeably well angulated.
Metatarsus
Strong and not set too high.
Hock
Noticeably well angulated.
Hind feet
Strong, somewhat oval, pointing straight forward with tightly knit toes.

Gait and movement

Powerful, free, with good reach. On the trot, almost «single tracking».

Coat

Hair
Topcoat rather close lying but not flat. Undercoat short, soft, light, preferably cream coloured. Coat smooth on head and front of legs, longer on neck, chest, tail and backside of legs and thighs.
Colour
Lighter and darker grey. Characteristic markings : light grey or cream coloured on sides of muzzle, cheeks, throat, chest, belly, legs and under the tail.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Size for dogs 57-65 cm, ideal 61 cm. Size for bitches 52-60 cm, ideal 56 cm.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

General faults

 Yellow eyes.
 Domed forehead and bulging cheeks.
 Twisted tail, tail too short, too loose and not touching the back.
 Unbroken, well defined white strip on throat down to point of sternum, so called « tie ».
 Lack of typical light markings on throat and brisket.
 Coat overlaid with black giving a sooty appearance.

Serious faults

 Thin and under-developed lower jaw.
 Snipy muzzle.
 Missing teeth, other than PM1 and M3.
 Deviating proportions, tending square body shape.
 Thin or too heavy in built.
 Thin bone.
 Flat and splayed feet.
 Insufficient angulation in front and/or rear.
 Thin, whip-like tail.
 Coat too short or open.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy.
 Over- or undershot bite.
 Hanging ears.
 Lack of characteristic cream coloured markings on muzzle and cheeks.
 Height at withers other than stated in the standard.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

 

Detailed history

Called Dog Gray Elk Great in France, country in which there is no copy, the Jâmthund is native of Sweden. Its origins are lost in the mists of time, and dog collectors generally agree that his ancestors were the companions of men of the Paleolithic era.

In his home country, Jâmthund has always been used as a hunting dog. Elks were once very numerous in Scandinavia, and they were all the more hunted as they constituted an important food resource. With a flair of the first order, the Jâmthund was very soon held in high esteem by the population. He spotted the momentum from very great distances, approaching it according to the dog's tactics, without frightening or attacking him, merely attracting his attention by serious barking and feigned attacks. When the momentum decided to rush on him, the dog was gradually folding it towards the guns of the hunters, who, guided by the barking, could approach. Some exceptional subjects were once used to stalk the bear. Nevertheless, as a general rule, Jâmthund does not have enough bite and nerve impulses to be used in this type of hunt.

Nowadays, moose hunting is severely regulated in the Scandinavian countries, the Jâmthund is used as a watchdog for goods or herds, and its staff remain more confidential, much less important than those of the Norwegian Elkhound , his close relative in the Spitz family.

In a Swedish book on Scandinavian dogs, Rune B. Samuelsson and Uho Perttola recognize that current production from livestock is uneven. According to them, there would be important variations between the different lines, and all the crosses practiced would not give complete satisfaction to the users. Some subjects would not have the constitution to hunt. Others would seem to have lost their instinct. These authors insist, however, that there are still serious breeders producing subjects that their brave ancestors would not deny.

Apart from his aptitude for hunting, the Jamthund is a pleasant companion, with lively intelligence. Balanced, proud and obedient, he is very attached to his teachers.

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