Saint Miguel Cattle Dog

FCI standard Nº 340

Origin
Portugal
Translation
Mrs Pamela Jeans-Brown, revised in 2006 by R. Triquet in collaboration with Jennifer Mulholland
Group
Group 2 Pinschers and Schnauzers, Molossoid breeds, Swiss Mountain and Cattle dogs
Section
Section 2.1 Molossoid, Dogue type
Working
Without working trial
Acceptance on a definitive basis by the FCI
Monday 21 May 2007
Acceptance on a provisional basis by the FCI
Friday 10 March 1995
Publication of the official valid standard
Monday 21 May 2007
Last update
Wednesday 20 June 2007
En français, cette race se dit
Fila de Saint Miguel
Diese Norm ist in deutscher Sprache sichtbar
Cão Fila de São Miguel
En español, esta raza se dice
Fila de San Miguel
In het Nederlands, wordt dit ras gezegd
Cão Fila de São Miguel

Usage

Cattle dog.

Brief historical summary

A cattle dog originating in the island of Saint Miguel in the Azores, also known as the « Cow Dog ». Its history is linked to that of the now extinct Terceira Dog. The existence of the Saint Miguel Cattle Dog has been documented since the beginning of the 19th century.

General appearance

Robust and hardy.

Important proportions

Slightly longer than high.

Behaviour / temperament

A cattle dog par excellence, it is equally a good guard dog for properties and people. A very determined character towards strangers but docile with its owner. Very intelligent and very receptive. While carrying out its duties driving dairy herds it bites low to avoid harming the cows’ udders. However when dealing with stray cattle it may bite higher.

Head

Cranial region

Head
Strong, with parallel longitudinal axes of skull and muzzle.
Skull
Broad, square-shaped, top slightly convex, only slightly visible occipital protuberance. 
Stop
Pronounced.

Facial region

Nose
Wide, black in colour.
Muzzle
Straight top line, a little shorter in length than the skull. Slightly rounded lateral faces.
Lips
Well-pigmented, overlapping and firm. Lower profile slightly rounded.
Jaws and teeth
Very powerful and well-developed, correctly fitting. Good wide mouth. Complete dentition with either scissor or pincer bite.
Eyes
Oval shape, expressive, set slightly sunken and horizontal, of medium size. Dark brown in colour.
Ears
Set above the level of the eyes; when not cropped they are of medium size, triangular and dropping but not touching to the cheeks. They are cropped with rounded tips in countries where ear cropping is not forbidden.

Neck

Straight, strong and of medium length, well set into the shoulders. No dewlap.

Body

Body
Strong, well muscled with ample forechest.
Back
Straight.
Loin
Medium length, broad and well muscled.
Croup
Medium length in relation to body, slightly higher than the withers.
Chest
Broad and well let down.
Underline and belly
Lower profile rising, belly and flanks well-proportioned in relation to body.

Tail

High set, thick, medium length and slightly curved. Docked at the 2nd or 3rd vertebra in countries where tail docking is not forbidden.

Limbs

Forequarters

Generality
Strong, set reasonably apart and upright.
Shoulders
Slightly open scapular-humeral angle.
Upper arm
Strong, medium length, well muscled.
Forearm
Thick and well muscled.
Carpal
Strong.
Pastern
Strong, medium length.
Forefeet
Oval with strong nails and toes.

Hindquarters

Generality
Strong, set reasonably apart.
Upper thigh
Long, muscled; coxo-femoral angle open.
Lower thigh
Medium length, muscled.
Metatarsus
Medium length. Dewclaws permissible.
Hind feet
Oval, with strong toes, not too arched. Strong nails.

Gait and movement

Free and easy. On the move the dog rolls slightly at the rear.

Skin

Thick and pigmented.

Coat

Hair
Short, smooth, dense, of harsh texture, lightly fringed on the tail, in the anal region and the back of the thighs.
Colour
Fawn, pale fawn with black overlay, grey, going from light tones to dark; always brindled; white mark permissible on the forehead and from chin to chest; can have small white marks on both front feet or both hind feet or on all four feet.

Size and weight

Height at withers
Males : 50 - 60 cm. Females : 48 - 58 cm.
Weight
Males : 25 - 35 kg. Females : 20 - 30 kg.

Faults

• Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and its ability to perform its traditional work.
• Faults listed should be in degree of seriousness.

Serious faults

 Head : Converging axes of skull and muzzle.
 Jaws: Slightly over or undershot mouth.

Disqualifying faults

 Aggressive or overly shy.
 Diverging axes of skull and muzzle.
 Seriously over or undershot mouth.

NB :

• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
• The above mentioned faults when occurring to a highly marked degree or frequently are disqualifying.
• Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation should be used for breeding.

Bibliography

http://www.fci.be/

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